eHRAF Archaeology Library Info

The following provides information to set up eHRAF Archaeology for your digital library. Existing members will also benefit from the following information (e.g. proper cross-referencing the former name of the eHRAF database).

Database Provider Human Relations Area Files, Inc. at Yale University
Database Name eHRAF Archaeology
EZProxy Configuration Title eHRAF Archaeology

Browser Compatibility. For optimal results use:

* Mozilla Firefox 5.0+.
* Chrome 15.*+
* Safari 553.*+
* Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.0+. We will support Internet Explorer 8 but it is not recommended.

For problems with other proxy server configurations or technical issues (e.g. access problems) contact HRAF at or call 203-764-9401.

Please check the IPs regularly to make sure that all on and off-campus locations are properly connected to eHRAF Archaeology. If your institution doesn’t have off-campus IP authentication, contact HRAF at for an institutional password.

Cross-Referencing eHRAF Archaeology

Human Relations Area Files, Inc. at Yale University (database provider)
HRAF (abbreviation for Human Relations Area Files)
eHRAF Collection of Archaeology (former name for eHRAF Archaeology)

Short Description

eHRAF Archaeology is an online cross-cultural database containing information on world’s prehistory. The annually-growing eHRAF database is organized by archaeological traditions and the documents are subject-indexed at the paragraph level. eHRAF Archaeology is a unique resource designed to facilitate comparative archaeological studies.

Long Description

eHRAF Archaeology is an online cross-cultural database containing descriptive information on archaeological traditions of the world and is modeled after eHRAF World Cultures. eHRAF is unique because each archaeological tradition contains a variety of documents (books, articles, and dissertations) that have been indexed and organized according to HRAF’s comprehensive tradition and subject classification systems: the Outline of Archaeological Traditions (OAT), and the Outline of Cultural Materials (OCM). These retrieval systems extend search capability well beyond keyword searching thus allowing for precise tradition and subject retrieval, even in a foreign language. The eHRAF Archaeology database provides researchers and students access to archaeological materials for comparative studies within and across regions.

Subject Areas

Mostly cultural and evolutionary anthropology; archaeology (including ethnoarchaeology, experimental archaeology and comparative archaeology); prehistory; ethnographic and cross-cultural studies; history; art history; social sciences; humanities; material culture and museum studies.


An electronic resource that is organized by regions and archaeological traditions to facilitate comparisons. Documents on archaeological traditions are searchable by subject and keywords at the paragraph level for precise retrieval of information.

Dates of Coverage

Mostly prehistory.

Update Schedule

Currently we add five archaeological traditions annually with approximately 10,000 pages. The focus is on archaeological tradition sequences. Some randomly selected traditions are also added from the Outline of Archaeological Traditions.

Sources Indexed

Books, dissertations, journal articles, essays, and monographs.

Features and Benefits

  • Brief overviews of archaeological traditions covering general topics such as time period, settlement, subsistence, environment and more.
  • Users can browse a single archaeological tradition or conduct cross-cultural research within regions or throughout the world.
  • Students learn about similarities and differences in archaeological traditions around the world.
  • Distance learning tool.
  • Ideal for interdisciplinary studies.

Library Contacts

Please provide or keep us updated with names and emails of library contact to help us better serve you, the faculty, students, and researchers.

Library main contacts: The persons who receive occasional emails with information on the contents of the eHRAF databases (e.g. newly added cultures and features, training info & student exercises). The contacts should be subject librarians (e.g. anthropology, archaeology, social sciences), instructional or reference librarians. We prefer to have at least two contact names and appreciate if you contact us right away if that contact information changes.

Billing contacts: A generic email address (e.g., serials@) or an email for the billing agent for annual billing. If your institution is billed through a consortium then this information is not necessary.

Email the contact information (names, titles and email addresses) to Christiane Cunnar, HRAF Member Services at







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