Ethnographic Atlas Cases in eHRAF

The Ethnographic Atlas (EA) sample contains over 1264 societies. George P. Murdock, its creator, intended the EA to be an “exhaustive” list of the world’s described societies. Like the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS), the EA contains a specified time and (usually) place focus with a bibliography of source materials, and contains some coded variables (largely focusing on subsistence practices and social and political organization). Coded variables for the EA sample can be found in D-PLACE and downloaded. Researchers coding additional variables for this sample are expected to adhere to the specified time and place focus.

To facilitate research for those wanting to code their own variables using eHRAF World Cultures for the EA sample, HRAF staff have flagged those documents that, in HRAF’s judgment, provide an appropriate match to the time and place foci of the EA. Note that in almost all cases, eHRAF World Cultures contains many more documents than those flagged. This is because the HRAF collections try to cover multiple times and places to facilitate understanding of change of over and of regional variation.

We have indicated matches in multiple ways. First, we have provided information in the table below. Clicking on the ethnographer name and date will bring up the publication information page for the document (authentication is required for reading or searching the documents). Second, in the eHRAF World Cultures database itself, you can, after performing a search, narrow your results to the EA societies in eHRAF that have some matching documents. When you open the first results page, the documents that match are footnoted with “E1,” “E2,” and “E3.” As explained in the footnotes, an “E1” is considered a direct match. An “E2” is considered a partial match, usually because the document covers multiple time periods or multiple cultures. An “E3” footnote is occasionally given when the time or place is somewhat ambiguous and we urge some caution in using the source.

Table: Ethnographic Atlas Matches in eHRAF

EA IDEA DateEA Sample Culture NameOWC Culture NameOWC CodeeHRAF Documents
Aa01+1950KungSanFX10Marshall, 1957
Marshall, 1957
Marshall, 1958
Marshall, 1959
Marshall, 1961
Marshall, 1962
Marshall, 1965
Marshall, 1976
Thomas, 1959
Aa03+1840NamaKhoiFX13Hoernlé, 1918
Hoernlé, 1923
Hoernlé, 1925
Schultze, 1907
Aa05+1930MbutiMbutiFO04Turnbull, 1962
Turnbull, 1965
Turnbull, 1965
Ab03+1890LoziLoziFQ09Gluckman, 1941
Gluckman, 1950 (1958 reprinting)
Gluckman, 1959
Gluckman, 1967
Ab05+1930MbunduOvimbunduFP13Childs, 1949
Hambly, 1934
Hambly, 1934
Ab12+1830ZuluZuluFX20Gluckman, 1955
Krige, 1965
Shooter, 1857
Van Warmelo, 1931
Ab18+1920ShonaShonaFS05Kuper, 1954
Ac01+1920IlaIlaFQ06Smith, 1920
Smith, 1920
Smith, 1949
Tuden, 1958
Tuden, 1968
Ac03+1900BembaBembaFQ05Brelsford, 1944]
Richards, 1935
Richards, 1937
Richards, 1939
Richards, 1940
Richards, 1956
Ac13+1950Lake TongaLakeshore TongaFR07Douglas, 1950
Van Velsen, 1959
Van Velsen, 1960
Van Velsen, 1961
Van Velsen, 1962
Van Velsen, 1964
Ac17+1910SukuSukuFO46Kopytoff, 1961
Kopytoff, 1964
Kopytoff, 1965
Kopytoff, 1971
Kopytoff, 1977
Kopytoff, 1980
Kopytoff, 1981
Kopytoff, 1990
Kopytoff, 1991
Ad02+1950NyoroBanyoroFK11Beattie, 1958
Beattie, 1958
Beattie, 1960
Beattie, 1961
Beattie, 1961
Beattie, 1963
Beattie, 1967
Beattie, 1971
Ad03+1910ChaggaChaggaFN04Dundas, 1924
Gutmann, 1926
Gutmann, 1932
Ad04+1930KikuyuGikuyuFL10Kenyatta, 1953
Lambert, 1956
Leakey, 1952
Ad06+1930NyakyusaNyakyusa and NgondeFN17Wilson, 1936
Wilson, 1938
Wilson, 1939
Wilson, 1951
Wilson, 1957
Wilson, 1959
Ad07+1880GandaGandaFK07Roscoe, 1911
Ad09+1900GisuBagisuFK13La Fontaine, 1959
Roscoe, 1924
Ad11+1930BenaBenaFN31Culwick, 1935
Ad12+1940GusiiGusiiFL08Mayer, 1949
Mayer, 1950
Mayer, 1952
Mayer, 1965
Ae04+1930NkundoMongoFO32Hulstaert, 1938
Ae08+1910RundiBarundiFO58Meyer, 1916
Smets, 1946
Af01+1890FonFonFA18Herskovits, 1933
Herskovits, 1967
Herskovits, 1967
Law, 1997
Le Herissé, 1911
Af03+1900AshantiAkanFE12Fortes, 1950
Rattray, 1923
Rattray, 1927
Rattray, 1929
Af05+1930MendeMendeFC07Little, 1951
Staub, 1936
Af06+1950YorubaYorubaFF62Lloyd, 1955
Lloyd, 1965
Schwab, 1955
Af08+1930NupeNupeFF52Nadel, 1940
Nadel, 1942
Nadel, 1954
Af10+1930IboIgboFF26Basden, 1966
Meek, [1970]
Ottenberg, [1971]
Af15+1920KpelleKpelleFD06Westerman, 1921
Af23+1950AfikpoIgboFF26Forde, 1950
Ottenberg, [1968]
Ottenberg, [1975]
Ottenberg, 1958 [1980 copy]
Ottenberg, 1965
Af32+1920EgbaYorubaFF62Ajisafe, 1924
Forde, 1951
Af33+1950EkitiYorubaFF62Forde, 1951
Lloyd, 1955
Lloyd, 1965
Af34+1930IfeYorubaFF62Bascom, 1942
Bascom, 1944
Forde, 1951
Ag01+1920BambaraBambaraFA08Henry, 1910
Monteil, 1924
Ag02+1950YatengaMossiFA28Hammond, 1959
Skinner, 1964
Ag03+1930DogonDogonFA16Palau Martí, 1957
Paulme, 1940
Ag04+1930TallensiTallensiFE11Fortes, 1936
Fortes, 1936
Fortes, 1937
Fortes, 1938
Fortes, 1945
Fortes, 1949
Fortes, 1955
Ag47+1900MossiMossiFA28Mangin, 1921
Tauxier, 1912
Ah01+1930KatabKatabFF38Meek, 1931
Smith, 1953
Ah03+1920TivTivFF57Abraham, 1933
Akiga, 1939
Bohannan, 1952
Bohannan, 1953
Bohannan, 1953
Bohannan, 1954
Bohannan, 1957
Bohannan, 1968
Bohannan, 1968
Bohannan, 1969
Downes, 1933
Price-Williams, 1962
Ah20+1920KagoroKatabFF38Meek, 1931
Ai03+1920AzandeAzandeFO07Anderson, 1911
Brock, 1918
Evans-Pritchard, 1928
Evans-Pritchard, 1929
Evans-Pritchard, 1931
Evans-Pritchard, 1932
Evans-Pritchard, 1933
Evans-Pritchard, 1934
Evans-Pritchard, 1936
Evans-Pritchard, 1956
Evans-Pritchard, 1957
Evans-Pritchard, 1957
Evans-Pritchard, 1957
Evans-Pritchard, 1962
Evans-Pritchard, 1962
Evans-Pritchard, 1963
Evans-Pritchard, 1965
Evans-Pritchard, 1971
Larken, 1926-1927
Ai06+1900ShillukShillukFJ23Oyler, 1918
Oyler, 1919
Oyler, 1919
Oyler, 1920
Oyler, 1920
Seligman, 1932
Aj02+1900MasaiMaasaiFL12Hollis, 1905
Hollis, 1910
Leakey, 1930
Merker, 1910
Aj03+1930NuerNuerFJ22Evans-Pritchard, 1933
Evans-Pritchard, 1936
Evans-Pritchard, 1938
Evans-Pritchard, 1940
Evans-Pritchard, 1940
Evans-Pritchard, 1945
Evans-Pritchard, 1946
Evans-Pritchard, 1947
Evans-Pritchard, 1948
Evans-Pritchard, 1949
Evans-Pritchard, 1951
Evans-Pritchard, 1956
Aj05+1920TurkanaTurkanaFL17Gulliver, 1951
Gulliver, 1953
Gulliver, 1955
Gulliver, 1958
Aj06+1940LuoLuoFL11Colson, 1952
Evans-Pritchard, 1949
Evans-Pritchard, 1950
Evans-Pritchard, 1950
Hartmann, 1928
Southall, 1952
Wilson, 1960
Ca01+1930KonsoKonsoMP17Hallpike, 1968
Hallpike, 1970
Hallpike, 1970
Hallpike, 2008
Ca02+1950SomaliSomaliMO04Lewis, 1955
Lewis, 1957
Lewis, 1961
Puccioni, 1936
Ca07+1950AmharaAmharaMP05Messing, 1985
Ca10+1880EsaSomaliMO04Lewis, 1955
Ca30+1890KaffaKaffaMP14Huntingford, 1955
Cb01+1940MaguzawaHausaMS12Greenberg, 1946
Greenberg, 1947
Cb02+1950WolofWolofMS30Gamble, 1957
Cb03+1940SonghaiSonghaiMS20Rouch, 1954
Rouch, 1960
Cb09+1940Hausa (Kanewa)HausaMS12Baba of Karo, 1954
Greenberg, 1947
Cb19+1870KanuriKanuriMS14Cohen, 1960
Cohen, 1965
Cb26+1950ZazzagawaHausaMS12Smith, 1955
Smith, 1957
Smith, 1960
Cc02+1950TedaTedaMS22Chapelle, 1957
Kronenberg, 1958
Le Coeur, 1950
Cc09+1920AhaggarenTuaregMS25Benhazera, 1908
Cd02+1950EgyptiansFellahinMR13'Ammār, 1954
Cd03+1920RiffiansBerbers of MoroccoMX03Coon, 1931
Pennell, 1987
Cd05+1920ShluhShluhMW11Dupas, 1929
Montagne, 1930
Cd18+1920SaadiLibyan BedouinMT09Kennett, 1925
Murray, 1935
Cd20+1940SanusiLibyan BedouinMT09Evans-Pritchard, 1949
Ce01+1900AlbaniansAlbaniansEG01Durham, 1910
Durham, 1928
Hasluck, 1954
Shryock, 1988
Ce03+0100Imp. RomansImperial RomansEI09Carcopino, 1940
Loane, 1938
Pellisson, 1897
Rivenburg, 1939
Ce07+1950GreeksGreeksEH01Friedl, 1958
Friedl, 1959
Friedl, 1963
Cg02+1100IcelandersEarly IcelandersEQ02Amory, 1992
Anonymous, 1992
Bagge, 1992
Durrenberger, 1988
Durrenberger, 1989
Durrenberger, 1991
Durrenberger, 1992
Durrenberger, 1992
Durrenberger, 1992
Gísli Pálsson, 1991
Gísli Pálsson, 1992
Jón Haukur Ingimundarson, 1992
Miller, 1992
Odner, 1992
Samson, 1992
Tulinius, 1992
Cg03+1930IrishRural IrishER06Arensberg, 1937
Arensberg, 1940
Cg04+1950LappsSaamiEP04Pehrson, 1952
Pehrson, 1957
Ch01+1950SerbsSerbsEF06Halpern, 1967
Ci05+1950TurksTurksMB01Helburn, 1955
Makal, 1954
Pierce, 1964
Stirling, 1957
Stirling, 1963
Stirling, 1965
Ci11+1940KurdKurdsMA11Barth, 1953
Barth, 1954
Hansen, 1961
Leach, 1940
Ci12+1880AbkhazAbkhaziansRI03Janašvili, 1894
Cj02+1920RwalaRwala BedouinMD04Raswan, 1947
Ea02+1950PathanPashtunAU04Barth, 1965
Barth, 1981
Ea06+1957BasseriBasseriMA10Barth, 1961
Barth, 1969
Eb01+1910KazakKazakhRQ02Grodekov, 1889
Hudson, 1938
Eb02+1920MonguorMonguorAE09Schram, 1932
Schram, 1954
Schram, 1957
Schram, 1961
Eb03+1940KhalkaMongoliaAH01Vreeland, 1973
Ec01+1920GilyakNivkhRX02Shternberg, 1933
Ec02+1900YakutYakutRV02Jochelson, 1933
Ec03+1900ChukcheeChukcheeRY02Bogoraz-Tan, 1904 [Part 1] ; 1907 [Part 2] ; 1909 [Part 3]
Bogoraz-Tan, 1910
Ec04+1900SamoyedNenetsRU41Engelhardt, 1899
Islavin, 1847
Ec05+1900KoryakKoryaksRY04Jochelson, 1905-1908
Ec07+1900AinuAinuAB06Batchelor, 1927
Sugiura, 1962
Watanabe, 1964
Ed01+1950KoreansKoreaAA01Hewes, [n.d.]
Osgood, 1951
Ed02+1940LoloYiAE04Lin, 1947
Tseng, 1945
Ed03+1920ManchuManchuAG04Shirokogorov, 1924
Ed07+1950OkinawansOkinawansAC07Glacken, 1953
Pitts, 1955
Ee02+1930BurushoBurushoAV07Lorimer, [1939]
Lorimer, 1935
Lorimer, 1938
Ee03+1930LepchaLepchaAK05Gorer, 1938
Morris, 1938
Ee04+1920TibetansTibetansAJ01Bell, 1928
Bell, 1931
Ee06+1950SherpaSherpaAK06Fürer-Haimendorf, 1963
Fürer-Haimendorf, 1964
Fürer-Haimendorf, 1975
Fürer-Haimendorf, 1984
Stevens, 1990
Ef01+1940SantalSantalAW42Biswas, 1956
Culshaw, 1949
Mukherjea, 1962
Ef05+1900BhilBhilAW25Naik, [pref. 1956]
Ef11+1945Uttar PradeshUttar PradeshAW19Opler, 1952
Opler, 1954
Eg02+1880TamilTamilAW16Gough, 1956
Eg03+1938GondGondAW32Grigson, 1949
Eg04+1900TodaTodaAW60Rivers, 1906
Eg06+1800KeralaKeralaAW11Gough, 1961
Gough, 1961
Eg08+1940KolKolAW37Griffiths, 1946
Eg10+1950TeluguTeluguAW17Dube, 1955
Eg13+1941Muria GondGondAW32Elwin, 1947
Eh01+1870AndamaneseAndamansAZ02Man, 1932
Radcliffe-Brown, 1922
Eh03+1930TanalaTanalaFY08Linton, 1933
Eh04+1900VeddaVeddaAX05Bailey, 1863
Seligman, 1911
Eh05+1890NicobareseNicobareseAZ07Man, 1889
Man, 1932
Whitehead, 1924
Eh06+1950SinhaleseSinhaleseAX04Tambiah, 1965
Yalman, 1971
Ei01+1900GaroGaroAR05Playfair, 1909
Ei03+1950BurmeseBurmansAP04Brant, 1951
Scott, 1910
Ei05+1940KachinKachinAP06Leach, 1954
Maran, 2007
Ei07+1910KarenKarenAP07Marshall, 1922
Marshall, 1945
Ei08+1900KhasiKhasiAR07Becker, 1924
Chattopadhyay, 1941
Gurdon, 1907
Ej03+1920SemangSemangAN07Schebesta, 1954
Schebesta, 1957
Ej04+1950VietnameseVietnameseAM11Gourou, 1936
Ej08+1940MalaysMalaysAN05Firth, 1943
Firth, 1946
Ej14+1960SenoiSemaiAN06Dentan, 1968
Dentan, 1968
Dentan, 1970
Dentan, 1975
Dentan, 1978
Dentan, 1988
Dentan, 1991
Dentan, 2001
Dentan, Spring 1976
Ej15+1292KhmerCambodiansAM04Zhou, 1987
Ej16+1958Negri SembilanMalaysAN05Gullick, 1958
Swift, 1965
Ia03+1920IfugaoIfugaoOA19Barton, 1919
Barton, 1922
Barton, 1930
Barton, 1935
Barton, 1946
Barton, 1955
Beyer, 1911
Ib01+1950IbanIbanOC06Freeman, 1955
Freeman, 1955
Freeman, 1958
Freeman, 1958
Ib02+1950JavaneseJavaneseOE05Dewey, 1962
Geertz, [1960]
Geertz, [1961]
Geertz, 1968
Geertz, 1975
Jay, 1969
Ib03+1950BalineseBalineseOF07Belo, 1936
Belo, 1936
Belo, 1949
Geertz, 1959
Geertz, 1967
Ib07+1920MentaweiansMentawaiansOD09Loeb, 1928 [1962 reprint]
Loeb, 1929
Loeb, 1929 [1962 reprint]
Wallace, 1951
Ic02+1940AloreseAloreseOF05Du Bois, [c1944]
Du Bois, 1940
Du Bois, 1941
Ic05+1910ToradjaEastern TorajaOG11Adriani, 1950
Adriani, 1951
Adriani, 1951
Adriani, 1951
Id01+1900ArandaArandaOI08Spencer, 1927
Id03+1920TiwiTiwiOI20Hart, 1939-31
Hart, 1960
Ie01+1950KapaukuKapaukuOJ29Pospisil, 1958
Pospisil, 1958
Pospisil, 1963
Ie04+1930WogeoWogeoOJ27Hogbin, 1935
Hogbin, 1935
Hogbin, 1935
Hogbin, 1935-36
Hogbin, 1936
Hogbin, 1938
Hogbin, 1939
Hogbin, 1940
Hogbin, 1940
Hogbin, 1943
Hogbin, 1945
Hogbin, 1946
Hogbin, 1946
Hogbin, 1952
Hogbin, 1963-64
Hogbin, 1969-70
Hogbin, 1970
Sack, 1975
Ie09+1920OrokaivaOrokaivaOJ23Williams, 1928
Williams, 1930
Ie12+1930KwomaKwomaOJ13Whiting, 1941
Whiting, 1970
If01+1940PalauansBelauOR15Barnett, 1949
Barnett, 1963
Force, 1960
If02+1940TrukeseChuukOR19Gladwin, 1953
Goodenough, 1951
LeBar, {n.d.}
Swartz, 1958
Swartz, 1962
If03+1940MajuroMarshalleseOR11Spoehr, 1949
If04+1940IfalukWoleai RegionOR21Bates, [1958]
Burrows, [1949]
Spiro, [1949]
Spiro, 1950
If06+1910YapeseYapeseOR22Born, 1903
Born, 1903
Müller, 1917
Salesius, 1906
Schneider, 1953
Senfft, 1901
Senfft, 1903
Senfft, 1907
Volkens, 1901
Walleser, 1913
If09+1900UlithiansUlithiOR20Lessa, 1950
Lessa, 1961
If17+1900MarshalleseMarshalleseOR11Erdland, 1914
Krämer, 1938
Mason, 1947
Spoehr, 1949
Ig01+1940SiuaiSiwaiON19Oliver, 1949
Oliver, 1949
Oliver, 1949
Oliver, 1955
Ig02+1910TrobriandersTrobriandsOL06Firth, 1983
Leach, 1971
Leach, 1983
Lounsbury, 1965
Malinowski, 1916
Malinowski, 1920
Malinowski, 1920
Malinowski, 1921
Malinowski, 1922
Malinowski, 1926
Malinowski, 1926
Malinowski, 1927
Malinowski, 1929
Malinowski, 1934
Malinowski, 1935
Malinowski, 1935
Norick, c1976, 1992 copy
Robinson, 1972
Silas, 1924
Silas, 1926
Spiro, 1982
Uberoi, 1971
Ig04+1930LesuLesuOM24Powdermaker, 1931
Powdermaker, 1931
Powdermaker, 1932
Powdermaker, 1933
Ig09+1920ManusManusOM06Fortune, 1935
Mead, 1930
Mead, 1930
Mead, 1932
Mead, 1934
Mead, 1937
Mead, 1956
Ih04+1920LauLau FijiansOQ06Bryan, [n.d.]
Hocart, 1929
Thompson, 1940
Ih09+1930Santa CruzSanta Cruz IslandersON13Davenport, [1964]
Davenport, 1961
Ii01+1920SamoansSamoansOU08Buck, 1930
Mead, 1928
Mead, 1928
Mead, 1928
Mead, 1929
Mead, 1930
Ii02+1930TikopiaTikopiaOT11Borrie, 1957
Firth, 1930
Firth, 1930
Firth, 1930
Firth, 1930-1931
Firth, 1931
Firth, 1934
Firth, 1936
Firth, 1936
Firth, 1937
Firth, 1939
Firth, 1939
Firth, 1940
Firth, 1947
Firth, 1949
Firth, 1950
Firth, 1951
Firth, 1954
Firth, 1955
Firth, 1960
Firth, 1961
Firth, 1967
Firth, 1970
Ii12+1920TongansTongansOU09Gifford, 1929
Ii14+1829Upolu SamoansSamoansOU08Turner, 1884
Ij02+1820MaoriMaoriOZ04Best, 1924
Buck, 1952
Firth, 1959
Hawthorn, [1944]
Ij03+1900MarquesansMarquesasOX06Handy, 1922
Handy, 1923
Linton, 1923
Linton, 1939
Ij06+1800HawaiiansHawaiiansOV05Buck, 1957
Buck, 1993
Handy, 1972
Kaeppler, 1985
Kamakau, 1968
Kamakau, 1976
Kame'eleihiwa, 1992
Linnekin, 1990
Ij09+1860EasterRapa NuiOY02Métraux, 1940
Na03+1920Copper EskimoCopper InuitND08Cameron, 1923
Jenness, 1917
Jenness, 1921
Jenness, 1921
Jenness, 1922
Jenness, 1922
Jenness, 1923
Jenness, 1923
Jenness, 1924
Jenness, 1924
Jenness, 1946
Jenness, 1959
Merwin, 1915
Rasmussen, 1932
Ritchie, 1923
Roberts, 1925
Seltzer, 1933
Stefánsson, 1913
Stefánsson, 1914
Sullivan, 1922
Na04+1920KaskaKaskaND12Honigmann, 1954
Teit, 1956
Na05+1890NaskapiInnuNH06Turner, 1894
Na08+1880IngalikIngalikNA08Osgood, 1958
Osgood, 1959
Osgood, 1970
Na09+1830AleutAleutNA06Innokentii, 1840
Innokentii, 1840
Jochelson, 1933
Na10+1930ChugachAlutiiqNA10Birket-Smith, 1941
Birket-Smith, 1953
Na30+1880ChipewyanChipewyansND07Birket-Smith, 1930
Irimoto, 1981
Sharp, 1988
Smith, 1981
VanStone, 1963
Na32+1880MontagnaisInnuNH06Lips, 1947
Lips, 1947
Na33+1870Northern SaultOjibwaNG06Hallowell, 1976
Hallowell, 1976
Hallowell, 1976
Hallowell, 1976
Hallowell, 1976
Hallowell, 1991
Na34+1940PekangekumOjibwaNG06Dunning, 1959
Na35+1800NipigonOjibwaNG06Grant, 1890
Na36+1860ChippewaOjibwaNG06Densmore, 1929
Kohl, 1860
Na37+1880Rainy RiverOjibwaNG06Jenness, 1935
Landes, 1937
Na39+1870Eastern OjibwaOjibwaNG06Jenness, 1935
Na41+1700MicmacMi'kmaqNJ05Denys, 1908
Le Clercq, 1910
Nb01+1890HaidaHaidaNE09Brink, 1974
Murdock, 1934
Murdock, 1934
Murdock, 1970
Swanton, 1905
Nb04+1850YurokYurokNS31Heizer, 1952
Kroeber, 1925
Kroeber, 1928
Waterman, 1920
Waterman, 1934
Nb09+1880BellacoolaNuxalkNE06Boas, 1892
Boas, 1900
McIlwraith, 1948
McIlwraith, 1948
Nb11+1880NootkaNuu-chah-nulthNE11Drucker, 1951
Koppert, 1930
Nb19+1850ChinookChinookans of the Lower Columbia RiverNR06Boas, 1888 [1979 reprint]
Hymes, 1987
Peterson del Mar, 1995
Ray, 1938
Ruby, 1976
Nb22+1880TlingitTlingitNA12Krause, 1956
Nb24+1860MakahNuu-chah-nulthNE11Colson, 1953
Drucker, 1951
Swan, 1870
Nc02+1850TubatulabalTubatulabalNS22Voegelin, 1938
Nc03+1850YokutsYokutsNS29Cook, 1955
Gayton, 1929
Gayton, 1930
Gayton, 1940
Gayton, 1946
Gayton, 1948
Latta, 1949
Nc07+1850YukiYukiNS30Foster, 1944
Miller, 1989
Nc08+1860KlamathKlamathNR10Gatschet, 1890
Pearsall, 1950
Spier, 1930
Stern, 1956
Stern, 1962
Stern, 1965
Weaver, 1983
Nc15+1860Coast YukiYukiNS30Gifford, 1965
Kroeber, 1972
Nc17+1860Northern PomoPomoNS18Gifford, 1922
Nc18+1860Eastern PomoPomoNS18Gifford, 1926
Kroeber, 1953
Loeb, 1926
Nc19+1860Southern PomoPomoNS18Aginsky, 1935
Gifford, 1922
Nc24+1860Lake YokutsYokutsNS29Beals, 1958
Gayton, 1948
Nc25+1860WukchumniYokutsNS29Gayton, 1948
Nd02+1850Southern UteUteNT19Steward, 1974
Nd03+1870HavasupaiHavasupaiNT14Smithson, 1959
Spier, 1928
Nd22+1870WadadokadoNorthern PaiuteNR13Whiting, 1950
Nd24+1870KidutokadoNorthern PaiuteNR13Kelly, 1934
Nd26+1870WadatkuhtNorthern PaiuteNR13Riddell, 1960
Nd27+1860KuyuidokadoNorthern PaiuteNR13Park, 1937
Park, 1938
Ne01+1880Gros VentreGros VentreNQ13Cooper, 1957
Flannery, 1953
Kroeber, 1908
Ne03+1870ComancheComancheNO06Hoebel, 1940
Wallace, 1952
Ne04+1870CrowCrowNQ10Denig, 1961
Lowie, 1913
Lowie, 1921
Lowie, 1922
Lowie, 1922
Lowie, 1922
Lowie, 1924
Lowie, 1935
Morgan, 1959
Ne11+1870AssiniboinAssiniboineNF04Allen, 1983
Denig, 1930
Denig, 1961
Dusenberry, 1960
Ewers, 1956
Ewers, 1982
Goldring, 1973
Kennedy, [1972]
Long, 1961
Lowie, 1909
Rodnick, 1937
Rodnick, 1937
Rodnick, 1938
Ne12+1850BlackfootBlackfootNF06Ewers, [1958]
Hanks, 1966
Wissler, 1910
Wissler, 1911
Ne13+1850BloodBlackfootNF06Ewers, [1958]
Ewers, 1955
Wissler, 1911
Wissler, 1912
Ne18+1850PieganBlackfootNF06Ewers, [1958]
Ewers, 1955
Grinnell, 1962
Lancaster, 1966
Wissler, 1910
Wissler, 1911
Wissler, 1912
Wissler, 1918
Nf02+1850WinnebagoWinnebago/Ho-ChunkNP12Radin, 1923
Nf03+1850OmahaOmahaNQ21Dorsey, 1884
Dorsey, 1896
Fletcher, 1911
Fortune, 1932
Nf06+1867PawneePawneeNQ18Weltfish, 1965
Nf07+1830FoxFoxNP05Joffe, 1963
Michelson, 1938
Tax, 1955
Ng02+1940SeminoleSeminoleNN16Capron, 1953
Spoehr, 1941
Ng03+1750CreekCreekNN11Swanton, 1928
Swanton, 1928
Ng05+1750CherokeeCherokeeNN08Gearing, 1962
Ng06+1700DelawareDelawareNM07Heckewelder, 1819
Newcomb, 1956
Ng10+1750IroquoisIroquoisNM09Morgan, 1901
Morgan, 1901
Nh01+1880Chiricahua Ap.Eastern ApacheNT08Castetter, 1936
Opler, 1941
Nh03+1930NavahoNavajoNT13Bailey, 1950
Carr, 1939
Goldfrank, 1945
Hill, 1938
Hill, 1940
Johnston, 1942
Kluckhohn, 1938
Kluckhohn, 1938
Kluckhohn, 1940
Kluckhohn, 1944
Kluckhohn, 1945
Kluckhohn, 1945
Kluckhohn, 1946
Kluckhohn, 1946
Kluckhohn, 1947
Kluckhohn, 1948
Kluckhohn, 1949
Kluckhohn, 1951
Kluckhohn, 1971
Left Handed, [c1938]
Leighton, 1947
Lockett, 1939
Matthews, 1885
Matthews, 1898
Morgan, 1931
Old Mexican, 1947
Reichard, 1928
Reichard, 1950
Vestal, 1952
Nh04+1910ZuniZuniNT23Cushing, 1896
Cushing, 1920
Stevenson, 1904
Stevenson, 1909
Nh11+1900TewaTewa PueblosNT18Parsons, 1929
Spinden, 1911
Whitman, 1940
Whitman, 1947
Nh15+1870MescaleroMescalero ApacheNT25Opler, 1983
Nh17+1870Western ApacheWestern ApacheNT21Goodwin, [1942]
Kaut, 1957
Nh18+1920HopiHopiNT09Eggan, 1950 [sixth impression 1973]
Titiev, 1971 [Reprint of 1944 edition]
Nh25+1920SiaZia PuebloNT38Hoebel, 1979
White, 1962
Ni01+1930TarahumaraTarahumaraNU33Bennett, 1935
Passin, 1942
Passin, 1942
Passin, 1943
Ni03+1920HuicholHuicholNU19Lumholtz, 1898
Lumholtz, 1973
Zingg, 1938
Nj02+1520AztecAztecsNU07Barlow, 1949
Carrasco, 1971
Caso, 1971
Dibble, 1971
Durán, 1971 [second printing 1975]
Gibson, 1971
León-Portilla, 1962
Monzon, 1949
Motolinía, 1951
Sahagún, 1950
Sahagún, 1951
Sahagún, 1952
Sahagún, 1953
Sahagún, 1954
Sahagún, 1957
Sahagún, 1959
Sahagún, 1961 [1974 reprint]
Sahagún, 1963 [1975 reprint]
Sahagún, 1969
Soustelle, 1961
Nj10+1940ZapotecZapotecNU44Parsons, 1936 [third impression, 1970]
Sa01+1940CunaKunaSB05Densmore, 1926
Holmer, [n.d.]
Holmer, 1951
McKim, 1947
Nordenskiöld, 1928
Nordenskiöld, 1929
Nordenskiöld, 1930
Nordenskiöld, 1930
Nordenskiöld, 1931
Nordenskiöld, 1938
Stout, 1946
Stout, 1947
Wassén, 1949
Sa02+1940TzeltalTzeltalNV09Guiteras Holmes, 1947
Nash, 1967
Redfield, 1939
Villa Rojas, 1969
Sa05+1950BribriTalamancansSA19Gabb, 1876
Pittier, 1903
Stone, 1962
Sa07+1940Black CaribGarifunaSA12González, 1988
Taylor, 1951
Sa08+1930MamMam MayaNW08Wagley, 1941
Wagley, 1949
Sa09+1920MiskitoMiskitoSA15Conzemius, 1932
Sb01+1650CallinagoIsland CaribST13Bouton, 1640
Breton, 1665
Breton, 1929
Du Tertre, 1667
Rouse, 1948
Sb02+1946CagabaKogiSC07Reichel-Dolmatoff, 1949-1950
Reichel-Dolmatoff, 1951
Sb06+1940GoajiroGoajiroSC13Bolinder, 1957
Gutiérrez de Pineda, 1948 [1950]
Pineda Giraldo, 1947 [1950]
Santa Cruz, 1941
Sb091935HaitiansHaitiansSV03Herskovits, 1937
Sc01+1950WarrauWaraoSS18Hill, 1956
Wilbert, 1958
Wilbert, 1967
Sc02+1950YaruroPuméSS19Le Besnerais, 1966
Le Besnerais, 1966
Leeds, 1960
Leeds, 1961
Leeds, 1962
Leeds, 1964
Sc03+1930Barama CaribBarama River CaribSR09Gillin, 1936
Sc06+1920SaramaccaSaramakaSR15Herskovits, 1934
Sd01+1950MundurucuMundurucuSQ13Kruse, 1934
Murphy, 1958
Murphy, 1959
Murphy, 1960
Tocantins, 1877
Sd02+1930TapirapeTapirapéSP22Baldus, 1937
Baldus, 1970
Wagley, 1940
Wagley, 19430
Wagley, 1945
Wagley, 1955
Wagley, 1977
Sd04+1950WaicaYanoamaSQ18Barker, 1953
Barker, 1959
Schuster, 1958
Sd06+1960ShirianaYanoamaSQ18Layrisse, 1962
Sd08+1950SanemaYanoamaSQ18Wilbert, 1963
Sd09+0000YanoamoYanoamaSQ18Chagnon, 1967
Chagnon, 1968
Layrisse, 1962
Se01+1940SirionoSirionóSF21Holmberg, [1946]
Holmberg, 1950
Se02+0000TucunaTicunaSQ20Nimuendajú, 1948
Nimuendajú, 1952
Se03+1930JivaroJivaroSD09Dickey, 1936
Flornoy, 1938
Stirling, 1938
Wright, 1942
Se05+1940CubeoTukanoSQ19Goldman, 1963
Se12+1950TukanoTukanoSQ19Fulop, 1954
Fulop, 1955
Fulop, 1956
Sf01+1530IncaInkaSE13Cieza de León, 1864
Cieza de León, 1883
Cobo, 1893
Guamán Poma de Ayala, 1936
Molina, 1873
Polo de Ondegardo, 1873
Polo de Ondegardo, 1916
Rowe, 1946
Santa Cruz Pachacuti Yamqui Salcamayhua, 1873
Vega, [1963]
Sf02+1940AymaraAymaraSF05La Barre, 1947
La Barre, 1948
La Barre, 1950
La Barre, 1951
Tschopik, 1951
Sf03+1910CayapaChachiSD06Barrett, 1925
Sf09+1930UruUru-ChipayaSF24La Barre, 1946
Métraux, 1935
Sg01+1870YahganYahganSH06Gusinde, 1937
Lothrop, 1928
Sg02+1880AraucaniansMapucheSG04Cooper, 1946
Faron, 1961
Faron, 1964
Hilger, 1957
Latcham, 1909
Titiev, 1951
Sg03+1880OnaOnaSH04Gusinde, 1931
Sg04+1870TehuelcheTehuelcheSH05Musters, 1872
Musters, 1873
Sh01+1860MatacoMatacoSI07Karsten, 1932
Pelleschi, 1897 [1896]
Sh03+1800AbiponAbipónSI04Dobrizhoffer, 1822
Sh05+1910ChorotiChoroteSK06Rosen, 1924
Si01+1920BororoBororoSP08Baldus, 1937
Lévi-Strauss, 1938
Si02+1930TrumaiTrumaiSP23Murphy, [1955]
Si03+1940BacairiBakairiSP07Oberg, 1953
Si04+1940NambicuaraNambicuaraSP17Lévi-Strauss, 1943
Lévi-Strauss, 1945
Lévi-Strauss, 1948
Lévi-Strauss, 1948
Sj03+1910AweikomaXoklengSM03Henry, 1941
Sj04+1930TimbiraCanelaSO08Nimuendaju, 1946
Sj08+1600TupinambaTupinambaSO09Léry, 1880
Léry, 1906
Soares de Souza, 1851
Staden, 1928
Thevet, 1878
Sj10+1950CayuaGuaraníSM04Watson, 1944
Watson, 1945
Watson, 1952