Found 49 Documents across 5 Pages (0.003 seconds)
  1. Infanticide as a terminal abortion procedureMinturn, Leigh - Cross-Cultural Research, 1982 - 3 Hypotheses

    This study investigates the conceptual frameworks involved in infanticide. Authors first examine data on infanticide and birth ceremonies, particularly the timing of these events and the infant and adult involved in each. Authors also examine reasons for performing infanticide, including illegitimacy, unwanted children, and excess children, finding them similar to reasons for performing abortion. Population control and implications for children's and women's status are also discussed.

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  2. Is the siesta an adaption to disease? A cross-cultural examinationBarone, T. Lynne - Human Nature, 2000 - 3 Hypotheses

    This study examines the variability of siestas across cultures and considers how factors including climate, subsistence type, and disease susceptability relate to the presence or absence of siestas. The author finds a significant relationship between siestas and the presence of malaria.

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  3. Evolutionary theory, kinship, and childbirth in cross-cultural perspectiveHuber, Brad R. - Cross-Cultural Research, 2007 - 4 Hypotheses

    Using an evolutionary perspective, this study tests hypotheses relating gender and kinship roles to the amount of direct and indirect care provided during and around childbirth. The roles of paternal certainty, residence rules and descent groups are also examined.

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  4. Scars for war: evaluating alternative signaling explanations for cross-cultural variance in ritual costsSosis, Richard - Evolution and Human Behavior, 2007 - 11 Hypotheses

    This article uses signaling theory and tests for a relationship between costly male rites and frequency of warfare.

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  5. Food resource periodicity and cooperation values: a cross-cultural considerationPoggie, Jr., John J. - Cross-Cultural Research, 1995 - 1 Hypotheses

    This article examines socialization for cooperation as a function of economic production. The author theorizes that in societies where large amounts of food production labor must be accomplished quickly, there is a higher cultural value placed on cooperation.

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  6. Population estimation from floor area: a restudy of "naroll's constant"Brown, Barton McCaul - Cross-Cultural Research, 1987 - 4 Hypotheses

    A restudy of Naroll's (1962) measure of dwelling floor area using theory that it is predicted by the basic needs for protection from climate and crowding. This theory is not supported by the findings but Brown posits a new average for estimating floor area in dwellings based on his sample.

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  7. The social contexts of apology in dispute settlement: a cross-cultural studyHickson, Letitia - Ethnology, 1986 - 2 Hypotheses

    This study focuses on apology as a mechanism for dispute management in relation to hierarchy and child socialization. Significant associations exist between both large, paramount chiefdoms and apology and between adults as caretakers in early childhood and apology.

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  8. A holocultural analysis of old ageGlascock, Anthony P. - Comparative Social Research, 1980 - 4 Hypotheses

    This study provides a cross-cultural examination of the definitions of old age. Further research on these definitions and their implications is suggested.

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  9. Annual rituals of conflictDirks, Robert - American Anthropologist, 1988 - 4 Hypotheses

    This article explores the factors that predict rituals of conflict. Hypotheses are derived from Gluckman's analysis of Southeast African rituals of rebellion and are tested against a cross-cultural sample.

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  10. Subsistence strategies and the division of labor by gender among clothes makers in nonindustrial societiesByrne, Bryan - Cross-Cultural Research, 1999 - 1 Hypotheses

    Tests the theory that division of labor among clothes makers is determined by the role of clothes making in subsistence; the effect of agriculture and trade is considered.

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