Found 116 Documents across 12 Pages (0.002 seconds)
  1. The search for a guardian spirit: a process of empowerment in simpler societiesSwanson, Guy E. - Ethnology, 1973 - 5 Hypotheses

    The complex set of beliefs and practices in which the cult of the guardian spirit consisted is examined.

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  2. A survey of non-classical polyandryStarkweather, Katherine E. - Human Nature, 2012 - 2 Hypotheses

    This article explores determinants of non-classical polyandry, which the authors assert is more common than is usually conveyed. Results indicate that societies with non-classical polyandry tend to be small scale and egalitarian, practice hunting and gathering or horticulture, and have a male-skewed sex ratio. Overall polyandry is thought to add to the reproductive fitness of both men and women.

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  3. The lineage pattern of kinship nomenclature: its significance and developmentDole, Gertrude E. - Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 1965 - 3 Hypotheses

    This paper investigates correlations between social structure and the pattern of kindship nomenclature. Results suggest that lineage nomenclatures are associated with several aspects of social structure, including unilineal descent, the domestication of plants and animals and inheritance.

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  4. Girls' puberty rites and matrilocal residenceDriver, Harold E. - American Anthropologist, 1969 - 1 Hypotheses

    This study challenges an earlier paper's claim that matrilocal residence predicts the development of girls' puberty rites. The author suggests that girls' puberty rites may in fact predate matrilocality in some locations.

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  5. A cross-cultural study of menstruation, menstrual taboos and related social variablesMontgomery, Rita E. - Ethos, 1974 - 6 Hypotheses

    This article explores biological, psychological, and social explanations for menstrual taboos. Attention is paid to the role of men in rituals associated with reproduction--i.e. before, during and after childbirth, as well as during girls' puberty rites.

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  6. Maternal ambivalence and narcissism: a cross-cultural studySlater, Philip E. - Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavior and Development, 1965 - 6 Hypotheses

    This article explores narcissism and child-rearing. The author presents a theory that, if a society’s structural pattern weakens the marital bond, the mother will be ambivalent toward the son who consequently will become narcissistic. This process would reinforce itself as it is repeated by each generation.

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  7. A typology of social structure and the patterning of social institutions: a cross-cultural studySpiro, Melford E. - American Anthropologist, 1965 - 4 Hypotheses

    This article attempts to construct an empirically-based typology of social structure. Marital structure, government, food production, and stratification are among the factors considered.

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  8. Do markets promote prosocial behavior? Evidence from the standard cross-cultural sampleEff, E. Anthon - Department of Economics and Finance Working Paper Series, 2008 - 1 Hypotheses

    This study examined the relationship between market integration and generalized prosocial behavior. The authors review theory suggesting that market integration fosters cooperation and fairness in dealing with strangers, and they investigate whether child training for generosity, honesty, and trust are associated with level of market integration among societies in the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample. Results do not indicate an association.

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  9. A cross-cultural study of some supernatural beliefsSpiro, Melford E. - Cross-Cultural Approaches, 1967 - 6 Hypotheses

    This article examines the relationship between child training and supernatural beliefs. The authors develop a schema delineating the role of the supernatural in nurturance and punishment; ten hypotheses associating the role of the supernatural with various child training practices are tested. Several are confirmed.

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  10. Monotheism, materialism, and collective purpose: an analysis of underhill's correlationsSwanson, Guy E. - American Journal of Sociology, 1975 - 1 Hypotheses

    This article contests Underhill’s (1975) claim that monotheism is associated more strongly with subsistence than political organization in preindustrial societies. The author asserts that when political organization is held constant, there is no relationship between subsistence strategy and monotheism. Number of sovereign groups is found to be a good predictor of monotheism.

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