Found 1851 Hypotheses across 186 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. Adult sex ratios will be correlated with the presence/absence of warfareDivale, William T. - An explanation for primitive warfare: population control and the significanc..., 1970 - 2 Variables

    Divale seeks to explain the purpose of warfare that is characteristic of primitive societies by presenting the theory that such warfare is a population-control mechanism. Divale theorizes that among primitive societies, warfare exists in a "syndrome" that also involves female infanticide, blood-revenge, polygyny, and marriage alliances. Together, these features serve to control population growth, and are a necessary aspect of simple societies.

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  2. Infanticide occurs before the birth ceremony is performed (p. 72).Minturn, Leigh - Infanticide as a terminal abortion procedure, 1982 - 1 Variables

    This study investigates the conceptual frameworks involved in infanticide. Authors first examine data on infanticide and birth ceremonies, particularly the timing of these events and the infant and adult involved in each. Authors also examine reasons for performing infanticide, including illegitimacy, unwanted children, and excess children, finding them similar to reasons for performing abortion. Population control and implications for children's and women's status are also discussed.

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  3. The reasons for infanticide are similar to the reasons for abortion (p. 73).Minturn, Leigh - Infanticide as a terminal abortion procedure, 1982 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates the conceptual frameworks involved in infanticide. Authors first examine data on infanticide and birth ceremonies, particularly the timing of these events and the infant and adult involved in each. Authors also examine reasons for performing infanticide, including illegitimacy, unwanted children, and excess children, finding them similar to reasons for performing abortion. Population control and implications for children's and women's status are also discussed.

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  4. Birth ceremonies are more common in societies that customarily practice infanticide than in societies that do not (p. 72-3).Minturn, Leigh - Infanticide as a terminal abortion procedure, 1982 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates the conceptual frameworks involved in infanticide. Authors first examine data on infanticide and birth ceremonies, particularly the timing of these events and the infant and adult involved in each. Authors also examine reasons for performing infanticide, including illegitimacy, unwanted children, and excess children, finding them similar to reasons for performing abortion. Population control and implications for children's and women's status are also discussed.

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  5. Traditions of plow based agriculture are associated with a higher male-to-female sex ratio in present-day countries (7)Alesina, Alberto - Traditional agriculture practices and the sex ratio today, 2018 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates the relationship between historical utilization of the plow and modern sex ratios. The authors argue that in societies without the plow subsistence is generally egalitarian with both men and women contributing. However, the use of the plow requires more physical strength which, they argue, leads to a preference for boys and, thus, men. Therefore, in cultures that use the plow, this is reflected in male-biased sex ratios which are negotiated by way of practices like sex-selective abortions, infanticide, and/or differential access to resources based on sex.

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  6. High sexual equality will be positively associated with frequency of divorce (220).Hendrix, Lewellyn - Spousal interdependence, female power, and divorce: A cross-cultural examination, 1995 - 2 Variables

    This study focuses on the relationship between women's power/status and divorce. Tests of gender variables with measures of divorce highlights the importance of sexual equality in divorce frequency as well as the effect of division of labor on divorce.

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  7. High spousal independence will be positively associated with frequency of divorce (220).Hendrix, Lewellyn - Spousal interdependence, female power, and divorce: A cross-cultural examination, 1995 - 2 Variables

    This study focuses on the relationship between women's power/status and divorce. Tests of gender variables with measures of divorce highlights the importance of sexual equality in divorce frequency as well as the effect of division of labor on divorce.

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  8. Infanticide is positively related to warfareKang, Gay Elizabeth - Comments on Divale and Harris's 'population, warfare, and the male supremaci..., 1979 - 2 Variables

    This article offers a critique of the study by Divale and Harris (1976).

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  9. Permissive attitude toward terminating reproduction is negatively associated with Population Growth Rate (PGR) (66).Sipes, Richard G. - Population growth, society, and culture: an inventory of cross-culturally te..., 1980 - 2 Variables

    This book examines population growth rate and its correlates by testing 274 hypotheses (derived from multiple theories) with an 18-society sample. Forty-one of these hypotheses were significant at the .05 level, leading the author to accept these relationships as reflective of the real world. The 274 hypotheses are grouped into 51 broader hypotheses, and marked by (*) where relationships are significant as designated by the author or by significance p < 0.05.

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  10. Warfare will be positively associated with female infanticide (527).Divale, William Tulio - Population, warfare, and the male supremacist complex, 1976 - 2 Variables

    This study focuses on the factors associated with the development and persistence of an ideology of male supremacy. Authors identify several realms of culture that show a clear male preference and suggest that warfare is the most significant cause of the male supremacy complex in preindustrial societies. Authors hypothesize that warfare will be positively related to female infanticide. Results support this hypothesis. Another hypothesis relating diet to warfare and infanticide is provided, but not tested.

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