Found 4517 Hypotheses across 452 Pages (0.005 seconds)
  1. Among hunter-gatherers, women contribute more to subsistence than men (441).Ember, Carol R. - Myths about hunter-gatherers, 1978 - 1 Variables

    This article challenges common assumptions about hunter-gatherers and demonstrates that previous ideas about residence, division of labor and warfare are not supported by the cross-cultural data.

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  2. Hunter-gatherers are typically bilocal (440).Ember, Carol R. - Myths about hunter-gatherers, 1978 - 1 Variables

    This article challenges common assumptions about hunter-gatherers and demonstrates that previous ideas about residence, division of labor and warfare are not supported by the cross-cultural data.

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  3. Most hunter-gatherers are peaceful (443).Ember, Carol R. - Myths about hunter-gatherers, 1978 - 1 Variables

    This article challenges common assumptions about hunter-gatherers and demonstrates that previous ideas about residence, division of labor and warfare are not supported by the cross-cultural data.

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  4. Foragers will have less warfare than societies with other subsistence strategies (6).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 2 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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  5. Frequency of homicide and assault will be related to subsistence type (14).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 2 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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  6. Non-pacified foragers will be less likely to have unpredictable natural disasters than non-pacified food-producers (10).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 2 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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  7. Non-pacified foragers are less likely to socialize for mistrust than non-pacified food-producers (11).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 2 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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  8. The more a society depends upon fishing, the more it should tend toward patrilocality. And the more a society depends upon gathering, the more it should tend toward matrilocality (202)Ember, Carol R. - Residential variation among hunter-gatherers, 1975 - 2 Variables

    This study explores predictors of variation in two dimensions of marital residence patterns among hunter-gatherers: 1) the tendency toward patrilocality versus matrilocality and 2) the tendency toward unilocality versus bilocality.

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  9. Hunter-gatherers will experience more famine than those with other modes of subsistence (1).Berbesque, J. Colette - Hunter-gatherers have less famine than agriculturalists, 2014 - 2 Variables

    This study tests the common belief that hunter-gatherers suffer more famine than other subsistence types. Controlling for habitat quality, authors examine the relationship between famine and subsistence type and find that hunter-gatherers actually experience significantly less famine than other subsistence types.

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  10. Increased frequency of natural hazards will be associated with increased subsistence diversity.Ember, Carol R. - Resource stress and subsistence diversification across societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    Using a cross-cultural sample of 91 societies, this paper draws on ecological theory to test if unpredictable environments will favor subsistence diversification. The general hypothesis is that societies with high climate unpredictability and resource stress would exhibit more subsistence diversity than societies in more stable climates. The authors examined four environmental and resource stress variables while controlling for temperature variance, subsistence activity, and phylogeny. Support was found for 2 of the 4 variables--chronic scarcity and environmental instability. In the discussion they suggest that more commonly observed events (e.g. annual hunger and climate unpredictability) may give people more motivation to change subsistence than rarer events (e.g. natural hazards and famine).

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