Found 4457 Hypotheses across 446 Pages (0.061 seconds)
  1. Greater societal complexity and dynamic density will be negatively associated with severity of punishment (618).Spitzer, Steven - Punishment and social organization: a study of durkheim's theory of penal ev..., 1975 - 2 Variables

    This study empirically tests Durkheim’s theories of punishment in a sample of preindustrial societies. Analysis shows little support for five hypotheses derived from Durkheim’s theories. Findings indicate that in preindustrial societies, the intensity of punishment is associated with political integration, there are fewer collective definitions of crime, there is a higher likelihood of using material sanctions; additionally, slavery is likely to be an institutionalized means of punishment in societies with harsher sanctions.

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  2. Greater societal complexity and dynamic density will be positively associated with individual rather than collective crimes (618).Spitzer, Steven - Punishment and social organization: a study of durkheim's theory of penal ev..., 1975 - 2 Variables

    This study empirically tests Durkheim’s theories of punishment in a sample of preindustrial societies. Analysis shows little support for five hypotheses derived from Durkheim’s theories. Findings indicate that in preindustrial societies, the intensity of punishment is associated with political integration, there are fewer collective definitions of crime, there is a higher likelihood of using material sanctions; additionally, slavery is likely to be an institutionalized means of punishment in societies with harsher sanctions.

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  3. Absolutist political structures will be negatively associated with leniency in punishment (618).Spitzer, Steven - Punishment and social organization: a study of durkheim's theory of penal ev..., 1975 - 2 Variables

    This study empirically tests Durkheim’s theories of punishment in a sample of preindustrial societies. Analysis shows little support for five hypotheses derived from Durkheim’s theories. Findings indicate that in preindustrial societies, the intensity of punishment is associated with political integration, there are fewer collective definitions of crime, there is a higher likelihood of using material sanctions; additionally, slavery is likely to be an institutionalized means of punishment in societies with harsher sanctions.

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  4. Punishment in more evolved punitive systems will take the form of deprivation of liberty (618).Spitzer, Steven - Punishment and social organization: a study of durkheim's theory of penal ev..., 1975 - 2 Variables

    This study empirically tests Durkheim’s theories of punishment in a sample of preindustrial societies. Analysis shows little support for five hypotheses derived from Durkheim’s theories. Findings indicate that in preindustrial societies, the intensity of punishment is associated with political integration, there are fewer collective definitions of crime, there is a higher likelihood of using material sanctions; additionally, slavery is likely to be an institutionalized means of punishment in societies with harsher sanctions.

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  5. Rates of suicide will be negatively associated with organized priesthood (253, 262).Masumura, Wilfred T. - Social integration and suicide: a test of durkheim's theory, 1977 - 2 Variables

    This study reexamines Durkheim’s theory of social integration and suicide and tests for an association in a cross-cultural sample of pre-literate societies. Contrary to Durkheim’s theory, the author finds that suicide varies inversely with both social and religious integration. Results also suggested that suicide is negatively associated with a society’s ritual activity. Overall it is suggested that alienated persons in highly integrated societies will be at a greater risk of suicide than those in less integrated societies.

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  6. Rates of suicide will be negatively associated with elaboration of ceremony and ritual (253, 261).Masumura, Wilfred T. - Social integration and suicide: a test of durkheim's theory, 1977 - 2 Variables

    This study reexamines Durkheim’s theory of social integration and suicide and tests for an association in a cross-cultural sample of pre-literate societies. Contrary to Durkheim’s theory, the author finds that suicide varies inversely with both social and religious integration. Results also suggested that suicide is negatively associated with a society’s ritual activity. Overall it is suggested that alienated persons in highly integrated societies will be at a greater risk of suicide than those in less integrated societies.

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  7. Rates of suicide will be negatively associated with social integration (253, 260).Masumura, Wilfred T. - Social integration and suicide: a test of durkheim's theory, 1977 - 2 Variables

    This study reexamines Durkheim’s theory of social integration and suicide and tests for an association in a cross-cultural sample of pre-literate societies. Contrary to Durkheim’s theory, the author finds that suicide varies inversely with both social and religious integration. Results also suggested that suicide is negatively associated with a society’s ritual activity. Overall it is suggested that alienated persons in highly integrated societies will be at a greater risk of suicide than those in less integrated societies.

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  8. Greater punishment of rape will be negatively associated with the frequency of rape (432).Otterbein, Keith F. - A cross-cultural study of rape, 1979 - 2 Variables

    This study examines two theories concerning the prevalence of rape: deterrence theory and fraternal interest group theory. Results indicate that both punishment and fraternal interest groups influence the frequency of rape, though neither variable is a necessary cause. The effects of marital residence and polygyny are also considered.

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  9. Despotic states are more likely than other societies to utilize capital punishment for a wide variety of crimes (p.104-105).Otterbein, Keith F. - The ultimate coercive sanction, 1986 - 2 Variables

    The author presents a comprehensive study on the prevalence, presentation, and motivation of the "ultimate coercive sanction": capital punishment, or the "death penalty". He begins by examining capital punishment across all 53 cultures for which data was present in the Probability Sample Files, and finds that capital punishment is overwhelmingly present. After discerning some general trends, the author examines how capital punishment presents itself across different kinds of political systems, and uses the results to voice support for various theories on why the capital punishment is practiced. The study concludes by stating that the capital punishment may be something that human society may never be truly rid of, but greater societal stability may be able to reduce its prevalence.

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  10. Toxicity will be associated with levels of cassava consumption (p.105).Romanoff, Steven - Cassava production and processing in a cross-cultural sample of african soci..., 1992 - 4 Variables

    This exploratory study seeks to explain cassava production and processing in Africa by considering cultural, agronomic, and environmental data. After examining the descriptive results of the agricultural and social contexts of cassava use, the authors build upon Boserup's population density model (1965) to analyze their own hypothesized model of cassava's importance among the sampled societies.

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