Found 2268 Hypotheses across 227 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. Historical pathogen prevalence will be negatively associated with prevalence of physical contact during greetings (4).Murray, Damian R. - The kiss of death: three tests of the relationship between disease threat an..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    In order to evaluate an adaptive justification for restriction of ritualized physical contact, the authors test association between three manifestations of physical interaction and prevalence of pathogens cross-culturally. Their expectation, supported by two of the three tested hypotheses, is that higher pathogen prevalence will lead to customs of restricted physical contact. Both cultural and biological evolution are suggested to be influential in selecting for physically intimate behaviors.

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  2. Historical pathogen prevalence will be negatively associated with prevalence of physical contact during mortuary rituals (5).Murray, Damian R. - The kiss of death: three tests of the relationship between disease threat an..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    In order to evaluate an adaptive justification for restriction of ritualized physical contact, the authors test association between three manifestations of physical interaction and prevalence of pathogens cross-culturally. Their expectation, supported by two of the three tested hypotheses, is that higher pathogen prevalence will lead to customs of restricted physical contact. Both cultural and biological evolution are suggested to be influential in selecting for physically intimate behaviors.

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  3. Disease prevalence will be negatively associated with an unrestricted sociosexual style (214).Schaller, Mark - Pathogens, personality, and culture: disease prevalence predicts worldwide v..., 2008 - 2 Variables

    The authors test the relationship between disease prevalence and three different personality traits, with the expectation that pathogen load will be negatively associated with degree of sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness to experience. This prediction is supported by all three tests, which they theorize is an example of cultural behaviors adapting to reduce vulnerability to environmental risks.

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  4. The romantic-sexual kiss is not a human universal.Jankowiak, William - Is the romantic-sexual kiss a near human universal?, 2015 - 1 Variables

    The authors examine a world-wide sample of cultures to assess whether the romantic-sexual kiss is a human universal. They also test for an association between romantic-sexual kissing and social complexity.

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  5. Pathogen prevalence will be negatively associated with within-population dispositional variability (321-322).Murray, Damian R. - On the origins of cultural differences in conformity: Four tests of the path..., 2011 - 2 Variables

    The authors contribute to a growing body of theory which posits cultural differences as a result of variable pathogen prevalence by testing the relationship between pathogen richness and various measures of conformity in a cross-regional sample. After controlling for confounds such as life expectancy, GDP, population density, arable land area, and agricultural labor force, the authors suggest that conformity is emphasized to varying degrees in response to the increased vulnerability to pathogens generally associated with deviation from normative social conduct.

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  6. There will be a relationship between the romantic-sexual kiss and social complexity.Jankowiak, William - Is the romantic-sexual kiss a near human universal?, 2015 - 2 Variables

    The authors examine a world-wide sample of cultures to assess whether the romantic-sexual kiss is a human universal. They also test for an association between romantic-sexual kissing and social complexity.

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  7. Pathogen prevalence will be negatively associated with the personality trait of extraversion (214).Schaller, Mark - Pathogens, personality, and culture: disease prevalence predicts worldwide v..., 2008 - 2 Variables

    The authors test the relationship between disease prevalence and three different personality traits, with the expectation that pathogen load will be negatively associated with degree of sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness to experience. This prediction is supported by all three tests, which they theorize is an example of cultural behaviors adapting to reduce vulnerability to environmental risks.

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  8. Pathogen prevalence will be negatively associated with the personality trait of 'openness' (214).Schaller, Mark - Pathogens, personality, and culture: disease prevalence predicts worldwide v..., 2008 - 2 Variables

    The authors test the relationship between disease prevalence and three different personality traits, with the expectation that pathogen load will be negatively associated with degree of sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness to experience. This prediction is supported by all three tests, which they theorize is an example of cultural behaviors adapting to reduce vulnerability to environmental risks.

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  9. Pathogen prevalence will be negatively associated with percentage of left-handed people (322).Murray, Damian R. - On the origins of cultural differences in conformity: Four tests of the path..., 2011 - 2 Variables

    The authors contribute to a growing body of theory which posits cultural differences as a result of variable pathogen prevalence by testing the relationship between pathogen richness and various measures of conformity in a cross-regional sample. After controlling for confounds such as life expectancy, GDP, population density, arable land area, and agricultural labor force, the authors suggest that conformity is emphasized to varying degrees in response to the increased vulnerability to pathogens generally associated with deviation from normative social conduct.

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  10. Pathogen prevalence will be positively associated with conformity effect size (321).Murray, Damian R. - On the origins of cultural differences in conformity: Four tests of the path..., 2011 - 2 Variables

    The authors contribute to a growing body of theory which posits cultural differences as a result of variable pathogen prevalence by testing the relationship between pathogen richness and various measures of conformity in a cross-regional sample. After controlling for confounds such as life expectancy, GDP, population density, arable land area, and agricultural labor force, the authors suggest that conformity is emphasized to varying degrees in response to the increased vulnerability to pathogens generally associated with deviation from normative social conduct.

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