Found 1739 Hypotheses across 174 Pages (0.01 seconds)
  1. In weakly institutionalized traditional societies, the evil eye belief will be associated with wealth inequality.Gershman, Boris - The economic origins of the evil eye belief, 2015 - 9 Variables

    The author analyzes 76 societies synchronically, positing that the evil eye belief functions as a useful heuristic and prosocial/cohesive element in weakly-institutionalized societies with significant wealth inequality; in particular, the evil eye belief is found to be more prevalent in agro-pastoral societies where material wealth is vulnerable and plays a dominant role in subsistence economy.

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  2. Trust in representatives of federal institutions will be lower in non-compliant or punished regions than in compliant ones. (134)Archibong, Belinda - Explaining divergence in the long-term effects of precolonial centralization..., 2019 - 3 Variables

    This study investigates previous findings that indicate precolonial centralization was beneficial for development in Africa. Using new survey data from public primary schools, the author shows that the failure of leaders of centralized regions to comply with federal regimes was punished with underinvestment in public infrastructure services, hindering development and limiting access to these services in recent populations. The author proposes that the extent to which precolonial centralization was beneficial for development in Africa is mediated by compliance of the local governing bodies with federal regimes.

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  3. Sex ratio will predict cultural rules constraining polygyny.Minocher, Riana - Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through soc..., 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine marriage patterns of 186 societies from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). The eleven predictor variables are pathogen stress, arranged female marriages, population density, father roles during infancy, temperature, social stratification, wealth inequality, internal warfare, assault frequency, female agricultural contribution, and sex ratio. The two outcome variables measuring polygyny are cultural rules constraining polygyny and the percentage of married men who are polygynous. Controlling on phylogeny using a global supertree of the languages, analysis of marriage patterns reveals that assault frequency and pathogen stress are the strongest predictors of polygyny. These findings offer additional support for the theories of harem-defense polygyny and male genetic quality.

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  4. Stateless groups of pre-colonial state countries (SLPCS) will have more occurrences of civil war than stateless groups (SL).Paine, Jack - Ethnic violence in Africa: destructive legacies of pre-colonial states, 2019 - 3 Variables

    This study investigated the difference in rates of violence of precolonial states and stateless ethnic groups in postcolonial Africa. The author hypothesized ethnic groups of precolonial states (PCS) would experience more violence, (i.e. coup attempts and civil wars) than non-PCS groups. The author suggested that because of PCS countries’ inability to allow rival ethnic groups into power positions in addition to the extra power PCS groups gained under colonial rule may lead to more violence.

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  5. Sex ratio will predict the percent of married men who are polygynous.Minocher, Riana - Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through soc..., 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine marriage patterns of 186 societies from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). The eleven predictor variables are pathogen stress, arranged female marriages, population density, father roles during infancy, temperature, social stratification, wealth inequality, internal warfare, assault frequency, female agricultural contribution, and sex ratio. The two outcome variables measuring polygyny are cultural rules constraining polygyny and the percentage of married men who are polygynous. Controlling on phylogeny using a global supertree of the languages, analysis of marriage patterns reveals that assault frequency and pathogen stress are the strongest predictors of polygyny. These findings offer additional support for the theories of harem-defense polygyny and male genetic quality.

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  6. There will be a positive relationship between punished or non-compliant regions and trust in representatives of local government. (137)Archibong, Belinda - Explaining divergence in the long-term effects of precolonial centralization..., 2019 - 3 Variables

    This study investigates previous findings that indicate precolonial centralization was beneficial for development in Africa. Using new survey data from public primary schools, the author shows that the failure of leaders of centralized regions to comply with federal regimes was punished with underinvestment in public infrastructure services, hindering development and limiting access to these services in recent populations. The author proposes that the extent to which precolonial centralization was beneficial for development in Africa is mediated by compliance of the local governing bodies with federal regimes.

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  7. Changes in conflict post climate disaster will be positively associated with increases in population, community scale and complexity, and lower regional scale and complexity.Peregrine, Peter N. - Reducing post-disaster conflict: a cross cultural test of four hypotheses us..., 2018 - 4 Variables

    This article uses pre-defined criteria to sample 22 archaeological climate-related disasters from 9 distinct regions from eHRAF Archaeology. It quantitatively tests four hypotheses regarding change in conflict following climate-related disasters using multiple regression analyses and backwards stepwise regression. Findings demonstrate association between political strategy/authority decision making and degree of post climate disaster conflict.

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  8. The distribution of self-reported ages will be more distorted in areas historically governed by Islamic kingdoms than in areas historically governed by non-Islamic kingdoms. (5)Bauer, Vincent - Legacies of Islamic Rule in Africa: Colonial Responses and Contemporary Deve..., 2022 - 2 Variables

    The authors of this study examine the relationships between historical exposure to Islamic kingdoms and current economic, medical, and educational development in Africa. They predict that ethnic groups that were previously ruled by Islamic states or chiefdoms will have worse outcomes today, theorizing that these worse outcomes would be not as a result of an inherent characteristic of Islam or Islamic kingdoms themselves but rather decreased investment by colonial states or missions. Their results lend some support to their hypotheses, and particularly to the predictions that Christian missions and colonial states would not be able to penetrate areas under Islamic influence as easily as other regions.

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  9. "Female infanticide and blood revenge warfare and feuding were both interrelated and effective in regulating population growth [in hunting and gathering bands as evidenced by sex ratios in young and adult populations]" (232)Divale, William Tulio - Systemic population control in the Middle and Upper Paleolithic: inferences ..., 1972 - 3 Variables

    This article examines cultural forms of population control. Results suggest that female infanticide and warfare are interrelated and effective forms of population control.

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  10. Controlling for geographic region, size of ethnic population will be positively associated with level of third-party punishment (588).Marlowe, Frank W. - More 'altruistic' punishment in larger societies, 2008 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between population size (and complexity) and the level of third-party punishment in economic games. Results demonstrate that people in larger, more complex societies engage in significantly more third-party punishment than people in small-scale societies.

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