Found 1223 Hypotheses across 123 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. After accounting for dispersal constraints, mammal diversity will predict farming propensity in early twentieth century traditional societiesVilela, Bruno - Cultural transmission and ecological opportunity jointly shaped global patte..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to investigate why some societies reject agriculture despite its many benefits. By modeling data regarding ecological fitness and cultural transmission, the authors found predictors for the degree to which a society relies on agriculture. The authors conclude that the degree of fitness a local environment had for early domesticates as well as the degree of contact with neighboring societies strongly predicts levels of dependence on agriculture.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. After accounting for dispersal constraints, vascular plant diversity will predict farming propensity in early twentieth century traditional societiesVilela, Bruno - Cultural transmission and ecological opportunity jointly shaped global patte..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to investigate why some societies reject agriculture despite its many benefits. By modeling data regarding ecological fitness and cultural transmission, the authors found predictors for the degree to which a society relies on agriculture. The authors conclude that the degree of fitness a local environment had for early domesticates as well as the degree of contact with neighboring societies strongly predicts levels of dependence on agriculture.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. After accounting for dispersal constraints, the potential number of early domesticates will predict farming propensity in early twentieth century traditional societiesVilela, Bruno - Cultural transmission and ecological opportunity jointly shaped global patte..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to investigate why some societies reject agriculture despite its many benefits. By modeling data regarding ecological fitness and cultural transmission, the authors found predictors for the degree to which a society relies on agriculture. The authors conclude that the degree of fitness a local environment had for early domesticates as well as the degree of contact with neighboring societies strongly predicts levels of dependence on agriculture.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. Resource intensification will be associated with the development of social inequality.Haynie, Hannah J. - Pathways to social inequality, 2021 - 3 Variables

    In this study, the authors examine pathways to social inequality, specifically social class hierarchy, in 408 non-industrial societies. In a path model, they find social class hierarchy to be directly associated with increased population size, intensive agriculture and large animal husbandry, real property inheritance (unigeniture) and hereditary political succession, with an overall R-squared of 0.45. They conclude that a complex web of effects consisting of environmental variables, mediated by resource intensification, wealth transmission variables, and population size all shape social inequality.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. Norms favoring the hereditary transmission of wealth will influence the development of institutionalized social inequality.Haynie, Hannah J. - Pathways to social inequality, 2021 - 4 Variables

    In this study, the authors examine pathways to social inequality, specifically social class hierarchy, in 408 non-industrial societies. In a path model, they find social class hierarchy to be directly associated with increased population size, intensive agriculture and large animal husbandry, real property inheritance (unigeniture) and hereditary political succession, with an overall R-squared of 0.45. They conclude that a complex web of effects consisting of environmental variables, mediated by resource intensification, wealth transmission variables, and population size all shape social inequality.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. Reliance on domestication will be positively associated with property ownershipKavanaugh, Patrick - Drivers of global variation in land ownership, 2021 - 2 Variables

    Using multiple logistic regression, the researchers compare the relative strength of predictors of land ownership across 102 societies. The analysis finds significant predictive power in factors such as neighbors' property system, population density, and geography.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. Factors promoting agriculture were distinct in each locationKavanagh, Patrick H. - Hindcasting global population densities reveals forces enabling the origin o..., 2018 - 1 Variables

    The researchers, using principal component analysis, generalized additive models across 12 agriculture origin locations, and a model predicting hunter-gatherer population density, evaluate hindcasted population density trends to suggest predictors of the development of agriculture. Using domestication as an indicator of agriculture, they test 3 competing hypotheses regarding agriculture development. Their results are consistent with the "surplus" hypothesis, indicating that agriculture arose as population densities increased along with environmental capabilities.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. The importance of agriculture will be positively associated with the frequency of external warfareEff, E. Anthon - Farming and Fighting: An Empirical Analysis of the Ecological-Evolutionary T..., 2012 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to reevaluate Nolan's (2003) study on the primary determinants of war. They reanalyze his hypotheses with what they claim are more robust measures and methodology. They conclude that there is only a little evidence supporting Nolan's theories, that more productive technology and higher population density predict war, and that overall ecological-evolutionary and sociopolitical explanations of war are equally supported by empirical data.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Agriculture arose as environmental conditions improved and population densities increasedKavanagh, Patrick H. - Hindcasting global population densities reveals forces enabling the origin o..., 2018 - 2 Variables

    The researchers, using principal component analysis, generalized additive models across 12 agriculture origin locations, and a model predicting hunter-gatherer population density, evaluate hindcasted population density trends to suggest predictors of the development of agriculture. Using domestication as an indicator of agriculture, they test 3 competing hypotheses regarding agriculture development. Their results are consistent with the "surplus" hypothesis, indicating that agriculture arose as population densities increased along with environmental capabilities.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. Use of intensive agriculture will be positively associated with property ownershipKavanaugh, Patrick - Drivers of global variation in land ownership, 2021 - 2 Variables

    Using multiple logistic regression, the researchers compare the relative strength of predictors of land ownership across 102 societies. The analysis finds significant predictive power in factors such as neighbors' property system, population density, and geography.

    Related HypothesesCite