Found 1997 Hypotheses across 200 Pages (0.037 seconds)
  1. Hunter gatherer societies with coalitional play fighting will play sports at intergroup gatherings.Scalise Sugiyama, Michelle - War Games: Intergroup Coalitional Play Fighting as a Means of Comparative Co..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors explore coalitional play fighting (in which teams of at least two play against each other to achieve a goal) across hunter-gatherer societies, with the theory that play of this type may be a mechanism for assessing strength and utility for future defense or warfare. When played against other communities, they propose coalitional play fighting can also serve to gauge strength of potential allies or formidability of potential enemies. In order to test their theories, they predict that, despite the large energy cost and risk of sports associated with coalitional play fighting, these types of games will be widespread in hunter-gatherer societies. In addition, they predict that of those exhibiting coalitional play fighting, many will play against other communities. In support of their hypotheses, they find that 54% of hunter-gatherer societies examined exhibit coalitional play fighting, of which 81% play against other communities.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. Hunter-gatherer societies with coalitional play fighting will also participate in mock warfare.Scalise Sugiyama, Michelle - War Games: Intergroup Coalitional Play Fighting as a Means of Comparative Co..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors explore coalitional play fighting (in which teams of at least two play against each other to achieve a goal) across hunter-gatherer societies, with the theory that play of this type may be a mechanism for assessing strength and utility for future defense or warfare. When played against other communities, they propose coalitional play fighting can also serve to gauge strength of potential allies or formidability of potential enemies. In order to test their theories, they predict that, despite the large energy cost and risk of sports associated with coalitional play fighting, these types of games will be widespread in hunter-gatherer societies. In addition, they predict that of those exhibiting coalitional play fighting, many will play against other communities. In support of their hypotheses, they find that 54% of hunter-gatherer societies examined exhibit coalitional play fighting, of which 81% play against other communities.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Hunter-gatherer societies with coalitional play fighting will periodically play team contact games against outgroups (will exhibit intergroup coalitional play fighting).Scalise Sugiyama, Michelle - War Games: Intergroup Coalitional Play Fighting as a Means of Comparative Co..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors explore coalitional play fighting (in which teams of at least two play against each other to achieve a goal) across hunter-gatherer societies, with the theory that play of this type may be a mechanism for assessing strength and utility for future defense or warfare. When played against other communities, they propose coalitional play fighting can also serve to gauge strength of potential allies or formidability of potential enemies. In order to test their theories, they predict that, despite the large energy cost and risk of sports associated with coalitional play fighting, these types of games will be widespread in hunter-gatherer societies. In addition, they predict that of those exhibiting coalitional play fighting, many will play against other communities. In support of their hypotheses, they find that 54% of hunter-gatherer societies examined exhibit coalitional play fighting, of which 81% play against other communities.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. Hunter-gatherer societies with coalitional play fighting will have intergroup gatherings.Scalise Sugiyama, Michelle - War Games: Intergroup Coalitional Play Fighting as a Means of Comparative Co..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors explore coalitional play fighting (in which teams of at least two play against each other to achieve a goal) across hunter-gatherer societies, with the theory that play of this type may be a mechanism for assessing strength and utility for future defense or warfare. When played against other communities, they propose coalitional play fighting can also serve to gauge strength of potential allies or formidability of potential enemies. In order to test their theories, they predict that, despite the large energy cost and risk of sports associated with coalitional play fighting, these types of games will be widespread in hunter-gatherer societies. In addition, they predict that of those exhibiting coalitional play fighting, many will play against other communities. In support of their hypotheses, they find that 54% of hunter-gatherer societies examined exhibit coalitional play fighting, of which 81% play against other communities.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. Hunter-gatherer societies with coalitional play fighting will also participate in warfare.Scalise Sugiyama, Michelle - War Games: Intergroup Coalitional Play Fighting as a Means of Comparative Co..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors explore coalitional play fighting (in which teams of at least two play against each other to achieve a goal) across hunter-gatherer societies, with the theory that play of this type may be a mechanism for assessing strength and utility for future defense or warfare. When played against other communities, they propose coalitional play fighting can also serve to gauge strength of potential allies or formidability of potential enemies. In order to test their theories, they predict that, despite the large energy cost and risk of sports associated with coalitional play fighting, these types of games will be widespread in hunter-gatherer societies. In addition, they predict that of those exhibiting coalitional play fighting, many will play against other communities. In support of their hypotheses, they find that 54% of hunter-gatherer societies examined exhibit coalitional play fighting, of which 81% play against other communities.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. Motor skill patterns (striking, parrying, catching, kicking, throwing, grappling, dodging, and running) in team games will be present cross-culturally in a significant number of hunter-gatherer groups (226).Sugiyama, Michelle Scalise - Coalitional Play Fighting and the Evolution of Coalitional Intergroup Aggression, 2018 - 1 Variables

    Researchers examined and coded motor skills used in coalitional play fighting in hunter-gatherer societies to investigate if it was a product of agriculture/industry, or occurred more broadly in non-agricultural populations. Sampling 100 societies from the Ethnographic Atlas, researchers found at least one predictor of such motor patterns showing coalitional play fighting amongst all hunter gatherer groups with information, and multiple predictors among most of the 46 groups. Researchers theorize this coalitional play fighting was training for intergroup aggression such as lethal raids.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. Horticulturalists of the Amazonian tropical forest will be more uxorilocal than hunter-gatherers (98).Walker, Robert S. - Living with kin in lowland horticultural societies, 2013 - 1 Variables

    This article examines marital residence and sibling coresidence among horticulturalists in the South American lowlands. The authors reject a hypothesis that patrilocality is the defining trait of Amazonian tropical forest culture. Results on horticulturalists are compared with findings on hunter-gatherers: horticulturalists tend to be more uxorilocal. Empirical analysis also suggests that women tend to live with more kin later in life, and in large villages headmen live with more kin than nonheadmen.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. Horticultural societies in the Amazonian tropical forest will be more patrilocal than hunter-gatherers (97-98).Walker, Robert S. - Living with kin in lowland horticultural societies, 2013 - 2 Variables

    This article examines marital residence and sibling coresidence among horticulturalists in the South American lowlands. The authors reject a hypothesis that patrilocality is the defining trait of Amazonian tropical forest culture. Results on horticulturalists are compared with findings on hunter-gatherers: horticulturalists tend to be more uxorilocal. Empirical analysis also suggests that women tend to live with more kin later in life, and in large villages headmen live with more kin than nonheadmen.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Complexity and representativeness of design in art will be correlated with severity of socialization (381, 382).Barry III, Herbert - Relationship between child training and the pictorial arts, 1957 - 3 Variables

    This study tests for a correlation between severity of socialization and style of art among a sample of nonliterate societies. Typical personality is thought to provide an explanation for these linkages.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. Cultures above the median in complexity of art style will score above average in socialization severity; cultures below the median in art complexity will score below average in socialization severity (383).Barry III, Herbert - Relationship between child training and the pictorial arts, 1957 - 2 Variables

    This study tests for a correlation between severity of socialization and style of art among a sample of nonliterate societies. Typical personality is thought to provide an explanation for these linkages.

    Related HypothesesCite