Found 3756 Hypotheses across 376 Pages (0.043 seconds)
  1. Higher resource stress will predict higher synchrony of dress.Ember, Carol R. - Uniformity in Dress: A Worldwide Cross-Cultural Comparison, 2023 - 4 Variables

    This study follows the theoretical construct of general cultural tightness and looseness (TL). Tightness is thought to be adaptive when facing socioecological threat, such as resource stress, since it involves a greater amount of cooperation. The study asks: "Why do some societies have relatively standardized or uniform clothing and adornment, whereas others have considerable variability across individuals?", which is connected to the broader question of why some societies show more within-group variation. The authors use a sample of 80 non-industrial societies from SCSS, to explore the relationship between general cultural tightness and standardization or synchrony in dress. The results support that tighter societies have more uniformity in dress and that resource stress is a predictor of synchrony. However, it is not supported that egalitarian societies have more synchrony, and that tightness is positively predicted by resource stress.

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  2. Egalitarian societies will have higher levels of synchrony of dress.Ember, Carol R. - Uniformity in Dress: A Worldwide Cross-Cultural Comparison, 2023 - 5 Variables

    This study follows the theoretical construct of general cultural tightness and looseness (TL). Tightness is thought to be adaptive when facing socioecological threat, such as resource stress, since it involves a greater amount of cooperation. The study asks: "Why do some societies have relatively standardized or uniform clothing and adornment, whereas others have considerable variability across individuals?", which is connected to the broader question of why some societies show more within-group variation. The authors use a sample of 80 non-industrial societies from SCSS, to explore the relationship between general cultural tightness and standardization or synchrony in dress. The results support that tighter societies have more uniformity in dress and that resource stress is a predictor of synchrony. However, it is not supported that egalitarian societies have more synchrony, and that tightness is positively predicted by resource stress.

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  3. Permanent settlement will be associated with the robustness of individual land rightsEmber, Carol R. - Predictors of Land Privatization: Cross-Cultural Tests of Defendability and ..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the predictors of land privatization by empirically testing defendability and resource stress theory. By drawing on previous research they are able to test these theories in more expansive and nuanced ways. They conclude that they have found strong support for defendability theory.

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  4. In societies with permanent settlements, famines will be negatively associated with communal propertyEmber, Carol R. - Predictors of Land Privatization: Cross-Cultural Tests of Defendability and ..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the predictors of land privatization by empirically testing defendability and resource stress theory. By drawing on previous research they are able to test these theories in more expansive and nuanced ways. They conclude that they have found strong support for defendability theory.

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  5. Chronic scarcity will be positively associated with subsistence diversity.Ember, Carol R. - Resource stress and subsistence diversification across societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    Using a cross-cultural sample of 91 societies, this paper draws on ecological theory to test if unpredictable environments will favor subsistence diversification. The general hypothesis is that societies with high climate unpredictability and resource stress would exhibit more subsistence diversity than societies in more stable climates. The authors examined four environmental and resource stress variables while controlling for temperature variance, subsistence activity, and phylogeny. Support was found for 2 of the 4 variables--chronic scarcity and environmental instability. In the discussion they suggest that more commonly observed events (e.g. annual hunger and climate unpredictability) may give people more motivation to change subsistence than rarer events (e.g. natural hazards and famine).

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  6. Unpredictable scarcity will be more predictive of higher warfare frequency than chronic scarcity (37).Ember, Carol R. - Risk, uncertainty, and violence in eastern Africa: a regional comparison, 2012 - 2 Variables

    This article examines resource problems and warfare in a sample of societies from eastern Africa. The frequency and predictability of resource problems are examined, as are two other dimensions of warfare: resource-taking and commission of atrocities. Differences between state and nonstate societies, as well as pacified and non-pacified societies, are also examined and shown to affect associations between resource and warfare variables.

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  7. The relationship between the robustness of individual land rights and the level of natural hazards modified by famine will be curvilinearEmber, Carol R. - Predictors of Land Privatization: Cross-Cultural Tests of Defendability and ..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the predictors of land privatization by empirically testing defendability and resource stress theory. By drawing on previous research they are able to test these theories in more expansive and nuanced ways. They conclude that they have found strong support for defendability theory.

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  8. Higher rates of famine will be associated with communal propertyEmber, Carol R. - Predictors of Land Privatization: Cross-Cultural Tests of Defendability and ..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the predictors of land privatization by empirically testing defendability and resource stress theory. By drawing on previous research they are able to test these theories in more expansive and nuanced ways. They conclude that they have found strong support for defendability theory.

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  9. Resource scarcity will be positively associated with warfare frequency in nonstate, nonpacified societies (37).Ember, Carol R. - Risk, uncertainty, and violence in eastern Africa: a regional comparison, 2012 - 2 Variables

    This article examines resource problems and warfare in a sample of societies from eastern Africa. The frequency and predictability of resource problems are examined, as are two other dimensions of warfare: resource-taking and commission of atrocities. Differences between state and nonstate societies, as well as pacified and non-pacified societies, are also examined and shown to affect associations between resource and warfare variables.

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  10. Resource scarcity will be positively associated with the committing of atrocities during warfare (37).Ember, Carol R. - Risk, uncertainty, and violence in eastern Africa: a regional comparison, 2012 - 2 Variables

    This article examines resource problems and warfare in a sample of societies from eastern Africa. The frequency and predictability of resource problems are examined, as are two other dimensions of warfare: resource-taking and commission of atrocities. Differences between state and nonstate societies, as well as pacified and non-pacified societies, are also examined and shown to affect associations between resource and warfare variables.

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