Is male androphilia a context-dependent cross-cultural universal?

Archives of Sexual Behavior Vol/Iss. 46 (1) Springer US Published In Pages: 63-71
By Hames, Raymond, Garfield, Zachary H., Garfield, Melissa


The researchers recode Broudeand Greene's (1976) SCCS data in order to distinguish between 'rare and absent' and different types of culturally-mediated same sex behavior, and to expand available data by including documents outside the SCCS. Their procedure suggests that androphilia is present in 57.5 - 83.6% and same-sex behavior present in 91.1% of all societies. They argue that these new data qualify androphilia as a context-dependent human universal, defined by Chapais (2014) as "patterns of behaviors that invariably or consistently arise in specific social circumstances in some cultures or population segments." (Hames et al. 69)


Sample Used Coded Data Comment
Standard Cross Cultural Sample (SCCS)Researcher's ownRecoding of Broude and Greene's (1976) sample to distinguish types of male sexuality and expand dataset to include documents not contained in the SCCS

Hypotheses (1)

Male androphilia is a context-dependent cross-cultural universal (64).Support claimed

Documents and Hypotheses Filed By:jack.dunnington noah.rossen