Systematic description and analysis of food sharing practices among hunter-gatherer societies of the Americas

Hunter Gatherer Research Vol/Iss. 4(1) Liverpool University Press Published In Pages: 113-150
By Caro, Jorge, Bortoloni, Eugenio


This paper seeks to identify how different practices of food sharing are related to one another, and the degree to which societies in North and South America may share practices with one another. The authors attempt this by using ethnographic literature to break sharing activities down into their constituent, multi-stage parts, and then comparing the prevalence of these parts and their relationships to one another. The study finds that the presence or absence of a distributor in a sharing activity, and who that distributor is, has a significant effect on how sharing is carried out. On the other hand, linguistic relationships between groups seem to have little impact on their sharing practices, and geographic proximity between groups only seems to have a significant effect on sharing practices in North America.


Sample Used Coded Data Comment
eHRAF World CulturesResearchers' ownData on sharing and geographic location
Glottolog geneaogical classificationOther researchersLinguistic identification
D-PLACEResearchers' ownAdditional data on sharing and geographic location
Reyes-Garcia et al. 2017Other researchersSelection of small-scale societies

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