How Do Hunter-Gatherer Children Learn Subsistence Skills?

Human Nature Vol/Iss. 28 Springer Nature Published In Pages: 367-394
By Lew-Levy, Sheina, Reckin, Rachel, Lavi, Noa, Cristóbal-Azkarate, Jurgi, Ellis-Davies, Kate


To understand transmission of knowledge and its impact on human evolution history, this study explores the research question: "How do hunter-gatherer children learn subsistence skills?". The authors use meta-ethnography methods on 34 cultures from five continents discussing these topics. The results show that the learning process starts early in infancy when their parents take them to the excursions. In middle childhood, they already acquired gathering skills. Only in the start of adolescence, adults begin teaching how to hunt and to produce complex tools. The learning process continues into adulthood.


The hypotheses listed here are more accurately a description of the meta-ethnography results.


Sample Used Coded Data Comment
eHRAF World CulturesResearcher's ownHunter-gatherer societies with information on childhood, learning behavior and learning process.
Collected ethnographiesResearcher's ownPsycInfo, Springer, Wiley, ScienceDirect, and ProQuest were used to find ethnographies for hunter-gatherers.

Documents and Hypotheses Filed By:stefania.becerralavado