Combative sport and warfare: a reappraisal of the spillover and catharsis hypotheses

Cross-Cultural Research Vol/Iss. 31 Published In Pages: 249-267
By Chick, Garry, Loy, John W., Miracle, Andrew W.


A replication of Sipes' (1973) study of the relationship between combative sport and warfare using new codes and a new sample. Although many of the results are weaker than found by Sipes previously, they are still consistent with the culture pattern model as compared with the drive-discharge model.


Sample Used Coded Data Comment
Standard Cross Cultural Sample (SCCS)CombinationEmber and Ember (1992) warfare codes and authors coded games and sports