Cross-cultural patterns in the training of children: an evolutionary perspective

Journal of Comparative Psychology Vol/Iss. 103 Published In Pages: 311-319
By Low, Bobbi S.


This article offers a behavioral ecological approach to the study of child training practicies. Gender differences in child training are discussed in light of evolutionary theory, and the author suggests training is likely tailored to promote the reproductive success of each gender. Generally, boys are trained to be more aggressive, stronger, and self-reliant; girls are trained to be more hard-working, responsible, obedient, and sexually restrained. Gender differences in child training frequently vary with degree of polygyny and/or social stratification in a society.


Sample Used Coded Data Comment
Standard Cross Cultural Sample (SCCS)Other ResearchersOdd numbers of the SCCS were sampled.
OtherOther ResearchersBarry et al. (1976) data on childrearing

Documents and Hypotheses Filed By:Kate Cummings Amelia Piazza