Rethinking economic systems: a study of agricultural societies

Cross-Cultural Research Vol/Iss. 39 Published In Pages: 252-292
By Pryor, Frederic L.


This article focuses on the economic systems of preindustrial agricultural societies. The author conducts a cluster analysis to determine four basic types of agricultural systems: herding plus, egalitarian, individualistic, and semimarketized. He argues that these types are not delineated by social structure alone; rather, they “stand as independent entities and are worthy of more intensive study” (252).

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