The absent father and cross-sex identity

Studies in Adolescence Published In Pages: 107-117
By Burton, Roger V., Whiting, John W.M.


This study advances the status envy hypothesis of sex identification to explain customs such as male initiation ceremonies and the couvade. Theory of sex identification is discussed; resource withholding, exclusive mother-child sleeping, patrilocality, father absence, female status, and initiation are all considered. Hypotheses are supported with empirical tests.

Documents and Hypotheses Filed By:mas Amelia Piazza Tahlisa Brougham