The relative decline in women’s contributions to agriculture with intensification

American Anthropologist Vol/Iss. 85 Published In Pages: 285-304
By Ember, Carol R.


This article presents theory and hypothesis tests that suggest that the decline of women's contribution to intensive agriculture is related to increases in fertility and domestic work associated with cereal crops. Additionally, men in agricultural societies are less likely to invest time in hunting and warfare, so their contribution of agricultural labor relative to women's increases.


Sample Used Coded Data Comment
Probability Sample Files (PSF)Researchers Ownsome codes from previous Ember study
OtherCombinationMinge-Klevana 1980; Moni Nag 1962

Documents and Hypotheses Filed By:Kate Cummings Tahlisa Brougham