Fitness costs of warfare for women

Human Nature Vol/Iss. 25 Springer US Published In Pages: 476-495
By Sugiyama, Michelle Scalise


This article offers an exploratory study of the fitness costs of warfare on women. The author examines stories of inter-group conflict cross-culturally and finds that warfare exerts significant selection pressure on women, such as killing or capturing women, or killing their offspring or mate. The author suggests that future research should examine female cognition in relation to these selective pressures.


Sample Used Coded Data Comment
Ethnographic Atlas (EA)Researchers Ownlimited to forager and forager-horticulturalist societies

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