Found 124 Documents across 13 Pages (0.002 seconds)
  1. The conditions favoring matrilocal versus patrilocal residenceEmber, Melvin - American Anthropologist, 1971 - 4 Hypotheses

    This study analyzes several variables that influence matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. Results indicate that the traditional assumption that division of labor determines residence was not supported. Rather, results suggest that internal warfare favors partilocal residence and matrilocal residence is favored by purely external warfare if division of labor is matridominant.

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  2. Cross-language predictors of consonant-vowel syllablesEmber, Melvin - American Anthropologist, 2000 - 5 Hypotheses

    This study tests predictors of consonant-vowel prevalence cross-culturally. Authors reevaluate the findings of Munroe et. al. (1996) and also test a new variable—baby-holding—for its relationship to CV score. Results suggest that baby-holding is a significant predictor of CV score.

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  3. Fear of disasters as an engine of history: resource crises, warfare, and interpresonal aggressionEmber, Melvin - , 1988 - 6 Hypotheses

    This study examines some of the environmental and psychological predictors of warfare frequency and interpersonal aggression. Results suggest that socialization for aggression in boys is the most significant predictor of warfare. However, authors suggest that socialization for aggression may be a consequence, rather than a cause, of war.

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  4. Comparing explanations of polygynyEmber, Melvin - Cross-Cultural Research, 2007 - 4 Hypotheses

    This article uses logistic regression analysis to examine pathogen stress and male mortality in warfare as predictors of nonsororal polygyny. Differences between state and non-state societies are observed. The authors also retest variables from White and Burton's 1988 study on causes of polygyny, finding only fraternal interest groups and absence of plow significant.

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  5. Size of color lexicon: interaction of cultural and biological factorsEmber, Melvin - American Anthropologist, 1978 - 4 Hypotheses

    Different languages contain different numbers of basic colors. One interpretation is that more complex societies will have more basic color terms. Another interpretation is that peoples with less pigmented eyes will have more basic color terms. This paper suggests that both interpretations are necessary in order to predict the number of basic color terms.

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  6. The emergence of neolocal residenceEmber, Melvin - New York Academy of Sciences, Transactions, Series II, 1967 - 1 Hypotheses

    This study tests the relationship between the rise of commercial exhange and the emergence of neolocal residence. Results suggest a significant correlation between these two variables.

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  7. The relationship between economic and political development in nonindustrialized societiesEmber, Melvin - Ethnology, 1963 - 5 Hypotheses

    This study investigates the role of economic development in facilitating political development in preindustrial societies, theorizing that the redistribution of resources is an important factor in this relationship. Results indicate that these two types of development have a curvilinear relationship, and the author concludes that economic development is a necessary but not sufficient cause of political development in preindustrial societies.

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  8. Alternative predictors of polygynyEmber, Melvin - Cross-Cultural Research, 1984 - 4 Hypotheses

    "This paper describes how the "sex-ratio" explanation of polygyny compares with some alternative, supposedly causal explanations. The results suggest that polygyny is best predicted by two statistically independent factors--high male mortality in warfare…and delayed age of marriage for men."

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  9. Statistical evidence for an ecological explaination of warfareEmber, Melvin - American Anthropologist, 1982 - 2 Hypotheses

    This study retests the data presented by Sillitoe (1977) in his study of the relationship between likelihood of warfare and population density in New Guinea. Contrary to Sillitoe, the author finds a strong and significant association between the two variables. The author also finds a significant relationship between the severity of food shortages and the frequency of warfare cross-culturally.

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  10. Conditions that may favor avunculocal residenceEmber, Melvin - Behavior Science Research, 1974 - 2 Hypotheses

    This paper suggests that previously matrilocal and matrilineal societies which are subject to a high mortality rate when they switch to fighting internally will develop avunculocal residence. The cross-cultural data presented supports the hypothesis.

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