Found 209 Documents across 21 Pages (0.003 seconds)
  1. Water insecurity and gender-based violence: A global review of the evidenceTallman, Paula S. - WIREs Water, 2022 - 1 Hypotheses

    This study conducted a literature review of papers regarding the association between water insecurity and gender-based violence. The authors found 18 articles that documented this relationship in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The most common form of violence was an increased risk of sexual and physical violence for women who walked long distances to access water. Intimate partner violence was also reported due to household water inadequacy. However, there is a lack of information assessing gender-based violence and water insecurity in Latin America, North America, and Southeast Asia, and involving locally-based scholars. The authors suggest expanding the definition of "violence" in relation to water insecurity and adopting the term "gender-based water violence." They also encourage the development of cross-culturally validated measures of gender-based violence and standardized measures of water insecurity to evaluate interventions.

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  2. Network strategy and warPeregrine, Peter N. - Alternative Pathways to Complexity: Households, Markets, World Systems, and Political Economy: Essays Honoring the Legacy of Richard E. Blanton - 3 Hypotheses

    This article draws from previous research by Ember and Ember (1992) that suggests a relationship between socialization for mistrust in others, unpredictable natural disasters, and warfare frequency. Authors hypothesize that the inclusion of a corporate-network strategy variable will improve the predictive power of the Embers' model for warfare. Results support this hypothesis.

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  3. Water sharing is a distressing form of reciprocity: Shame, upset, anger, and conflict over water in twenty cross-cultural sitesWutich, Amber - American Anthropologist, 2022 - 3 Hypotheses

    This paper investigates the emotional and social outcomes of water sharing within societies and suggests water sharing is a unique reciprocity act that results in negative emotional outcomes, rather than the usual prestige and rank. A questionnaire regarding water sharing and receiving was carried out across 20 sites, targeting 250 houses per community. The authors found that both water sharing and receiving resulted in more distress and conflict than those who shared less.

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  4. Corporal punishment and other formative experiences associated with violent crimesBarry III, Herbert - The Journal pf Psychohistory, 2007 - 1 Hypotheses

    The focus of this article is the frequency of violent crimes. Five fomative experiences that are correlated with frequent violent crime by individuals are presented. This study uses the same sample as Ember and Ember (1992).

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  5. Ecowisdom and Water in Human SettlementsLieberknecht, Katherine - Ecological Wisdom, 2019 - 0 Hypotheses

    Analyzing 632 vernacular water supply records from eHRAF World Cultures, the author identified twelve different ecological wisdom (EW) strategies that she believes have the potential to conserve socio-ecological water systems, repair the negative effects of climate change, and hopefully lead to long-term resilience. In this chapter she focuses on two of these strategies in particular; matching sources and uses, and using soil and vegetation to preserve water quality. The chapter posits that these two strategies may prove to be especially useful solutions for an array of highly impacted regions.

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  6. Ecowisdom and Water in Human SettlementsLieberknecht, Katherine - Ecological Wisdom, 2019 - 0 Hypotheses

    This chapter comes from a book chiefly concerned with the issue of "ecological wisdom." The concept of ecological wisdom is defined as historical and contextual knowledge about both a local environment and the systems and relationships present in that environment. In this chapter, the author is specifically interested in ways that ecological wisdom is involved with water conservation strategies. To this end, the author collected 1012 records of water systems from eHRAF World Cultures which were qualitatively coded into 12 types of ecologically wise water conservation strategies. Two of these strategies are then explored in detail.

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  7. The relation between discipline experiences and the expression of aggressionLester, David - American Anthropologist, 1967 - 3 Hypotheses

    This paper investigates the relationship between discipline experiences in preindustrial societies and aggressive behavior at the societal level. No associations are found between discipline experiences and suicide, murder, aggression resulting from alcohol consumption, or aggression expressed in war-making.

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  8. Affiliations: Structural Determinants of Differential Divorce RatesAckerman, Charles - American Journal of Sociology, 1963 - 4 Hypotheses

    Ackerman performs a cross-cultural analysis on the structural determinants of divorce rate as originally hypothesized by Max Gluckman and elaborated on by other researchers. Ackerman's results suggest that when spouses share a network of affiliation, divorce rates are low; when spouses maintain separate affiliations, divorce rates are high. Ackerman's statistical analysis and discussion provide an explanatory framework for further research.

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  9. A cross-cultural study of beliefs in out-of-the-body experiences, waking and sleepingSheils, Dean - Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 1978 - 1 Hypotheses

    This article provides a descriptive account of the prevalence and variation in out-of-body experiences (OOBEs) worldwide. The author suggests that contemporary social science explanations for OOBEs (i.e. social control, crisis, and dream theories) are inadequate. Certain beliefs regarding OOBEs, such as whether they occur and the conditions for their occurrence, were shown to be relatively similar cross-culturally.

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  10. Cross-cultural research with matched pairs of societiesBarry III, Herbert - Journal of Social Psychology, 1969 - 3 Hypotheses

    This study examines 12 matched pairs of closely related societies and suggests that there is a relationship between socialization pressure toward compliance (rather than assertion) and emphasis on food production. Results also indicate that stronger compliance training is associated with higher indulgence in infancy and lower frequency of drunkenness in adulthood.

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