Found 107 Documents across 11 Pages (0.002 seconds)
  1. The search for a guardian spirit: a process of empowerment in simpler societiesSwanson, Guy E. - Ethnology, 1973 - 5 Hypotheses

    The complex set of beliefs and practices in which the cult of the guardian spirit consisted is examined.

    Related DocumentsCite
  2. Monotheism, materialism, and collective purpose: an analysis of underhill's correlationsSwanson, Guy E. - American Journal of Sociology, 1975 - 1 Hypotheses

    This article contests Underhill’s (1975) claim that monotheism is associated more strongly with subsistence than political organization in preindustrial societies. The author asserts that when political organization is held constant, there is no relationship between subsistence strategy and monotheism. Number of sovereign groups is found to be a good predictor of monotheism.

    Related DocumentsCite
  3. Trance and possession: studies of charismatic influenceSwanson, Guy E. - Review of Religious Research, 1978 - 4 Hypotheses

    This study examines correlates of trance and possession in pre-industrial societies. Results suggest that the presence of trance/possession is associated with subsistence, number of jurisdictional levels, and community decision-making.

    Related DocumentsCite
  4. An organizational analysis of collectivitiesSwanson, Guy E. - American Sociological Review, 1971 - 2 Hypotheses

    This paper introduces a typology that “classifies collectivities according to fundamentals of their organization for making decisions and taking action” (607). Analysis focuses on the constitutional system and its relationship with need achievement and narcissism. Hypotheses are supported.

    Related DocumentsCite
  5. The birth of the gods; the origin of primitive beliefsSwanson, Guy E. - , 1960 - 10 Hypotheses

    This book investigates the origins of supernatural and religious beliefs. The author tests associations between various types of beliefs (e.g. witchcraft, monotheism) and various societal characteristics (e.g. mobility, class stratification). Many hypotheses are supported. Theoretical discussion is included, and the author posits that “the belief in a particular kind of spirit springs from experiences with a type of persisting sovereign group whose area of jurisdiction corresponds to that attributed to the spirit” (175).

    Related DocumentsCite
  6. Cross-cultural patterns of marriage and inheritance: a phylogenetic approachCowlishaw, Guy - Ethnology and Sociobiology, 1994 - 1 Hypotheses

    This study presents a phylogenetic approach to the work of Hartung (1982) on the relationship between inheritance and marriage patterns. Results indicate that polygyny is associated with male-biased inheritance.

    Related DocumentsCite
  7. The birth of the gods revisited: a partial replication of guy swanson's (1960) cross-cultural study of religionPeregrine, Peter N. - Cross-Cultural Research, 1996 - 2 Hypotheses

    This article retests several hypotheses from Swanson’s (1960) study on the origins of religious belief. The author finds support for an association between high gods and large communities, multiple levels of political hierarchy, and social differentiation. No support is found for Swanson’s other hypotheses concerning polytheism, ancestral spirits, reincarnation, the soul, witchcraft, and morality and their relations to social, political, and economic variables.

    Related DocumentsCite
  8. A survey of non-classical polyandryStarkweather, Katherine E. - Human Nature, 2012 - 2 Hypotheses

    This article explores determinants of non-classical polyandry, which the authors assert is more common than is usually conveyed. Results indicate that societies with non-classical polyandry tend to be small scale and egalitarian, practice hunting and gathering or horticulture, and have a male-skewed sex ratio. Overall polyandry is thought to add to the reproductive fitness of both men and women.

    Related DocumentsCite
  9. The lineage pattern of kinship nomenclature: its significance and developmentDole, Gertrude E. - Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 1965 - 3 Hypotheses

    This paper investigates correlations between social structure and the pattern of kindship nomenclature. Results suggest that lineage nomenclatures are associated with several aspects of social structure, including unilineal descent, the domestication of plants and animals and inheritance.

    Related DocumentsCite
  10. Girls' puberty rites and matrilocal residenceDriver, Harold E. - American Anthropologist, 1969 - 1 Hypotheses

    This study challenges an earlier paper's claim that matrilocal residence predicts the development of girls' puberty rites. The author suggests that girls' puberty rites may in fact predate matrilocality in some locations.

    Related DocumentsCite