The absent father and cross-sex identity

Studies in Adolescence Published In Pages: 107-117
By Burton, Roger V., Whiting, John W.M.


"In societies with maximum conflict in sex identity, e.g., where a boy initially sleeps exclusively with his mother and where the domestic unit is patrilocal and hence controlled by men, there will be initiation rites at puberty which function to resolve this conflict in identity" (112-113)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Chi squareSupportedsignificant; p value not givenUNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Initiation RitesDependentPuberty And Initiation
Mother-child Exclusive SleepingIndependent CombinedSleeping, Infant Care
Patrilocal Vs. Other ResidenceIndependent CombinedResidence