Social structural expansion, economic diversification, and concentration of emphases in childhood socialization: a preliminary test of value transmission hypotheses

Ethos Vol/Iss. 12 Published In Pages: 363-382
By Welch, Michael R.


Where a society's subsistence economy generates a more complex form of social organization, there will be a lower concentration of value emphases in children's socialization (p. 365).


The results vary by gender and subsistence type. For herding and intensive agriculture societies, the association with value concentration is negative for males and positive for females. In horticultural societies, the association is positive for both genders. In shifting agriculture societies, it is negative for both genders.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
multiple regressionPartially supportedp<.05R-squared = .165 for females, .149 for malesUNKNOWN