Child training and personality: a cross-cultural study

Yale University Press New Haven Published In Pages: 353
By Whiting, John W.M., Child, Irvin L.


Societies which have the belief that defecation or urination has therapeutic value should be more likely to have progressive anal satisfaction (203-204)


opposite to prediction


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
t-testNot Supportedp<.001UNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Anal Therapy For IllnessDependentMedical Therapy
Progressive Anal SatisfactionIndependentCleanliness Training

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Allen, Martin G."Significant correlations occur between ego strength and the variables of oral-anal anxiety, anal satisfaction, anal anxiety, sexual satisfaction, sexual anxiety . . ." (60)
Whiting, John W.M.". . . explanations of illness [oral, anal, sexual, dependence, aggression] tend to be related to low initial satisfaction of the corresponding system of behavior" (167, 168)
Allen, Martin G."Greater erogenous satisfaction [oral, anal, sexual] in childhood is associated with lower incidence of crime" (264)
Whiting, John W.M.[The hypothesis of positive fixation:] "In any society, the greater the custom potential of initial satisfaction in any system of behavior, the greater will be the custom potential of therapeutic practices which involve the performance of responses in that system" (192)
Stewart, Robert A. C.Findings: A factor analysis of key dimensions to describe a given culture yielded 12 factors. Factor 4, "paternal authority", loaded highly and positively on household authority with father; high early aggression satisfaction potential; and patrilocal marital residence. Factor 4 loaded highly and negatively on desert grasses; matrilocal marital residence; Athabaskan linguistic affiliation; high anal socialization anxiety; modesty training six years or higher; and matrilineal kin group (58)