The couvade: a psychological analysis

Ethos Vol/Iss. 1 Published In Pages: 30-74
By Munroe, Robert L., Munroe, Ruth H., Whiting, John W.M.


"The prediction . . . was that the couvade would be found in association with mother-infant sleeping arrangements, and/or matri-residence. . . . Relatively low male salience, as experienced by male children in societies characterized by a form of matri-residence [or] . . . in the presence of exclusive mother-infant sleeping arrangements . . . might lead to cross-sex identity and to a particular projective system outcome--the couvade" (40, 39)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Chi squareSupportedp<.005UNKNOWNUNKNOWN