Notes on technology and the moral order

The Advanced Studies Series Vol/Iss. n.a. Bobbs-Merrill Indianapolis Published In Pages: ??
By Gouldner, Alvin W., Peterson, Richard A.


Findings: Factor A, "Apollonianism or Norm-Sending", has high positive loadings (oblimax rotation) for: elaboration of ceremony and ritual, organized priesthood, authority vested in judges, power vested in chief, government by restricted council, and attractiveness of future life. Highest negative loadings are for marriage by capture and domesticated animals other than herded.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Factor analysisSupportedNot ApplicableUNKNOWNUNKNOWN

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Bowden, Edgar"Traits [loading above .5 on] rotated factor Index of Social Development [are]: permanency of residence, group life, agriculture, use of grain for food, constancy of food supply, domesticated animals other than herded, mining and smelting of metals, metals obtained from outside, pottery, weaving, money or other standard medium of exchange, trade, private property in land, power vested in a chief, codified laws, authority of judges, plutocracy, and organized priesthood" (456)
Rudmin, Floyd WebsterCertain characteristics of societies will be significantly correlated in the same direction with both Simmons' (137) and Murdock's (1967) measures of private property ownership.
Gouldner, Alvin W.Findings: Factor SC, "Sex Dominance", is bipolar. It loads heavily and positively (oblimax rotation) for matrilocal residence, monogamy, and more moderately for communal houses. High negative loadings are shown for polygyny, patrilocal residence, legendary heroes, and more moderately for government by restricted council (22)
Masumura, Wilfred T.Rates of suicide will be negatively associated with elaboration of ceremony and ritual (253, 261).
Bowden, Edgar"Index of Sociocultural Development scores do in fact correlate with elaborateness of certain aspects of the aesthetic and ritual elements of culture" (1114)