Making men of them: male socialization for warfare and combative sports

World Cultures Vol/Iss. 12 Published In Pages: 2-17
By Chick, Garry, Loy, John W.


Hypermasculine behaviors will be positively associated with degree of toughness (11-12)


See p. 11 for correlations; correlations were made for hypermasculine behavior variables of resort to force, interpersonal violence, homicide, assault, frequency of warfare, individual combative sports, and number of sham combats and degree of toughness variables of fortitude, aggressiveness, and competitiveness. Strongest results are for socialization of aggression.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Spearman’s rank-order correlationPartially supportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN