Combative sport and warfare: a reappraisal of the spillover and catharsis hypotheses

Cross-Cultural Research Vol/Iss. 31 Published In Pages: 249-267
By Chick, Garry, Loy, John W., Miracle, Andrew W.


Using all frequencies of external war, combative sports, both team and individual, as well as sham combats, will be positively associated with external warfare (256)


Not significant for combative sports (G=.53), individual combative sports (G=.12), and team combative sports (G=.34). But significant for sham combat (G=.51)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Chi squarePartially supportedUNKNOWNsee commentsUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Combative SportsAssociationAthletic Sports, Gambling, Games
Sham CombatsAssociationAthletic Sports
Warfare, ExternalAssociationInstigation Of War, Warfare