Correlational analysis of murdock's 1957 ethnographic sample

American Anthropologist Vol/Iss. 69 Published In Pages: 332-352
By Driver, Harold E., Schuessler, Karl F.


"[In factor analysis of Murdock's WES, for the factor called typical patricentered organization] variables heavily loaded include patrilineal descent, patrilocal residence, and brideprice" (334)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Factor analysisSupportedp<.05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Driver, Harold E."[In factor analysis of Murdock's WES, for factor deviant patricentered organization variables loading heavily are] patrilineal descent and kindreds unreported, patrilineal succession other than Br or So or preference unspecified, and hunting-gathering important but not dominant" (335)
Stewart, Robert A. C.Findings: A factor analysis of key dimensions to describe a given culture yielded 12 factors. Factor 5, "matrilineal kin groups", loaded highly and positively on Crow-type cousin terminology; kin group matrilineal; community segmented on a clan basis; matrilocal marital residence; cousin marriage unilateral; codified laws present. Factor 5 loaded highly and negatively on kin groups patrilineal or double descent; marital residence patrilocal (59)
Martin, M. KaySocieties with a hunting-gathering subsistence base will be patrilocal and patrilineal (185).
Murdock, George Peter"Matrilineal descent is almost invariably found in association with either avunculocal or matrilocal residence, patrilocal residence accompanies patrilineal, ambilineal and double descent, whereas bilateral descent coexists freely with all except avunculocal rule" (273-274)
Jones, DougAs time since migration increases, small-scale societies will move through the following sequence of residence and descent configurations: matrilocal and patrilineal to matrilocal and bilateral to matrilocal and matrilineal to avunculocal and matrilineal to patrilocal and bilateral or patrilineal.