Sexual division of labor in agriculture

American Anthropologist Vol/Iss. 86(3) American Anthropological Association Published In Pages: 568-583
By Burton, Michael L., White, Douglas R.


A high degree of dependence on domesticated animals will decrease female agricultural contributions.


It is hypothesized that an increased dependence on domesticated animals will reduce female agricultural inputs, but increase female labor inputs to domestic production. The Pearson's R correlation coefficient for female contribution to agriculture and dependence on domesticated animals is -.42. In the multiple regression, the importance of domesticated animals only replicates well within the Old World, suggesting that the hypothesis is only applicable in that region.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Correlation, multiple regressionSupportedp<.005UNKNOWNUNKNOWN