Military organization as a response to residence and size of population: a cross-cultural study

Behavior Science Research Vol/Iss. 12 Published In Pages: 271-290
By Carter, Jr., Harold


"Among societies with virilocal/patrilocal residence, large societies are more likely to have a professional military organization than are small societies" (276).


This correlation may result from an effect of cultural evolution. The author used settlement size as a measure of evolution and looked at the relationship between settlement size and military organization, controlling for residence. Results suggest a weaker relationship between these variables (p= .131).


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Fisher’s exact testSupportedp<.005.64One-tailed


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Military OrganizationDependentMilitary Organization
Population SizeCombinedPopulation