A cross-cultural study of expressive and instrumental role complementarity in the family

American Sociological Review Vol/Iss. 43 Published In Pages: 463-471
By Crano, Joel, Aronoff, Joel


There will be an inverse relationship between parents' levels of expressive activity. In other words, as the mother's involvement in childcare increases, the father's involvement will decrease proportionately, and vice versa (467).


Hypothesis was only supported regarding infant care, not childcare during early childhood.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
CorrelationPartially supportedp<.001UNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Fathers' Caretaker InvolvementAssociationInfant Care, Child Care
Mothers' Caretaker InvolvementAssociationInfant Care, Child Care