War, socialization, and interpersonal violence: a cross-cultural study

The Journal of Conflict Resolution Vol/Iss. 38 Published In Pages: 620-646
By Ember, Carol R., Ember, Melvin


Frequency of warfare will be related to parental hostility, overall parental warmth, father-infant sleeping proximity, and socialization for aggression in boys in late childhood (632)


Socialization for aggression was the only predictor that had a significantly positive effect (standardized coefficient = .739, p< .01). However, evidence suggests that socialization for aggression is a consequence, not a cause of warfare.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
multiple regressionSupportedp<.10.560UNKNOWN