Fear of disasters as an engine of history: resource crises, warfare, and interpresonal aggression

Published In Pages: 1-27
By Ember, Melvin, Ember, Carol R.


Warfare frequency will be positively associated with resource problems (9).


Threat of weather or pest disasters is the only variable that significantly predicts warfare frequency. Again, results are stronger in non-state societies. Previous findings suggest that a fear of unpredictable resource disasters may be associated with warfare frequency.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
CorrelationPartially supportedp<.05UNKNOWNOne-tailed