Children's play and work: the relevance of cross-cultural ethnographic research for archaeologists

Childhood in the Past: an International Journal Vol/Iss. 8(2) Oxbow Books Oxford, England Published In Pages: 87-103
By Ember, Carol R., Cunnar, Christiane M.


Cross-cultural variation in children's degree of childcare (ages 6-10) is linked to predominant subsistence strategy.


Girls generally do more than boys. Results are significantly different for girls, by only marginal for boys. For girls, hunter-gatherer girls do the least childcare amongst hunter-gatherers.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Kruskal-WallisPartially supportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Childcare, Degree Of By Children 6-10UNKNOWNNONE
Subsistence TypeUNKNOWNAnimal Husbandry, Agriculture, Food Processing