Material scaffolds in numbers and time

Cambridge Archaeological Journal Vol/Iss. 23(01) Cambridge University Press Published In Pages: 19-39
By Overmann, Karenleigh A.


Complexity of material culture will be negatively associated with use of relational estimations of time (30).


Positive correlations found between material complexity and various alternative (non-relational) timekeeping practices: Use of material timekeeping devices: phi = 0.38. Likelihood of counting human age: phi = 0.29. Division of time into epochs: phi = 0.24. Use of solstices for annual timekeeping: phi = 0.35. Lunar cycles used for timekeeping: phi = 0.29. Awareness of solar-lunar cycle mismatch: phi = 0.24. Negative correlations were found between material complexity and relational timekeeping practices using the height of the sun, moon, and stars (phi = 0.20).


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Phi correlationSupportedUNKNOWNPhi = 0.20UNKNOWN