Behavioural variation in 172 small-scale societies indicates that social learning is the main mode of human adaptation

Proc. R. Soc. B Vol/Iss. 282(1810) The Royal Society Published In Pages: ??
By Mathew, Sarah, Perreault, Charles


Behavioral traits will be affected by both cultural history and ecology (5).


Cultural history was defined as pairwise distance in a language phylogeny and pairwise geographic distance. In <1% of traits there is no effect of cultural history, and in only 2% of traits is there no effect of ecology.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Ecological VariablesIndependentClimate, Fauna, Flora, Topography And Geology
Behavioral VariablesDependentNONE
Cultural HistoryIndependentLinguistic Identification, Location