Illegitimacy and social structures: cross-cultural perspectives on nonmarital birth

Bergin & Garvey Westport, CT Published In Pages: ??
By Hendrix, Lewellyn


Sanctions regarding illegitimacy are negatively associated with female economic and political power (108).


Relationship remained insignificant when testing against Sanday's, Whyte's, and Ross's scales of sexual inequality. However, in both societies with small community size and those which aggregate kinsmen using residential rules (i.e. patrilocal or avunculocal residence), a significant (p < 0.05) positive association emerges between female power and illegitimacy sanctions. A significant (p > 0.05) negative association occurs in societies with larger community size. Additionally, in societies with close father-child proximity, female power is significantly positively associated with stricter illegitimacy sanctions (gamma = 0.56).


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Goodman & Kruskal's GammaNot Supportedp > 0.05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Avunculocal ResidenceUNKNOWNNONE
Female PowerIndependentNONE
Patrilocal ResidenceUNKNOWNNONE
Illegitimacy SanctionsDependentNONE