Was the Duchess of Windsor right?: A cross-cultural review of the socioecology of ideals of female body shape

Ethology and Sociobiology Vol/Iss. 13(3) Elsevier Published In Pages: 197-227
By Anderson, Judith L., Crawford, Charles B., Nadeau, Joanne, Lindberg, Tracy


Cultures will have a plump standard of beauty when women's work is not valued highly, or when women are restricted in the times and situations in which they can work (207).


The correlation between value of women's work was slightly below the significance test threshold, but was in the expected direction. Restriction of times in which women can work was operationazlied as menstrual taboos.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Spearman Correlation TestSome supportp = 0.060 (value of female labor) / p < 0.05 (menstrual taboos)0.284 (value of female labor) / -0.377 (menstrual taboos)One-tailed


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Menstrual TaboosIndependentMenstruation
Ideal Female Body TypeDependentSexual Stimulation
Female Labor ValueIndependentDivision Of Labor By Gender