Universals and cultural variation in turn-taking in conversation

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Vol/Iss. 106(26) National Academy of Sciences Washington, D.C Published In Pages: 10587-10592
By Stivers, Tanya, Enfield, Nicholas J., Brown, Penelope, Englert, Christina, Hayashi, Makoto, Heinemann, Trine, Hoymann, Gertie, Rossano, Federico, De Ruiter, Jan Peter, Yoon, Kyung-Eun, Levinson, Stephen C.


The same suite of variables will account for a significant amount of variation across cultures in length of transitions during conversational turn-taking (10588).


Increase in length of transition is significantly positively predicted by nonanswer responses (p > 0.001) and information-request responses (p < 0.001) and negatively predicted by confirmation of question (p < 0.001), visible response component (p < 0.001), and presence of questioner's gaze (p < 0.01). Language and conversation source treated as different levels and thus independent of these predictors.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Mixed-level multiple regressionSupportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN