Diversity and homogeneity in world societies

HRAF Press New Haven, CT Published In Pages: 190
By Bourguignon, Erika, Greenbaum, Lenora


Distribution of subsistence activities will vary by world region (38).


Hunting is most likely to be present (91% of all societies) and animal husbandry least likely (62% of all societies. The Circum-Mediterranean has the lowest incidence of gathering (33%) and fishing (49%), but hunting is present in 81% of all societies. Agriculture is present in only 32% of North American societies, where hunting, gathering, and fishing predominate. In South America, 95-100% of societies are involved in hunting, athering, and fishing, as well as 88% that are involved in agriculture. In the Insular Pacific, fishing and agriculture have the largest percentages.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Comparison of percentagesSupport claimedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Subsistence ActivityDependentDiet
World RegionIndependentIdentification, Location