The Origins and Maintenance of Female Genital Modification across Africa

Human Nature Vol/Iss. 27(2) Springer US Published In Pages: 173-200
By Ross, Cody T., Strimling, Pontus, Ericksen, Karen Paige, Lindenfors, Patrik, Mulder, Monique Borgerhoff


Social stratification will be associated with the origins and transmission of female genital modification. (174)


Fitting of the stratification model demonstrates an association between stratification and FGMo in the hypothesized direction. However, this model is outperformed by the null model in a WAIC comparison.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Bayesian phylogeneticPartially supportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Social StratificationIndependentClasses
Female Genital ModificationDependentBody Alterations, Puberty And Initiation