Statistical universals reveal the structures and functions of human music
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences • Vol/Iss. 112(29) • National Academy of Sciences • Washington, D.C • Published In • Pages: 8987-8992 •
By Savage, Patrick E., Brown, Steven, Sakai, Emi, Currie, Thomas E.
Certain musical features will occur universally in the global sample of recordings (8987).
No features were found to be absolute universals, that is, occurring in every culture. However, 21 features (2-3 beat subdivisions, non-equidistant scales, <= 7 scale degrees, chest voice, discrete pitches, motivic patterns, descending/arched contour, word use, small intervals, isochronous bet, 2-beat subdivisions, short phrases, instrument use, male performers, metrical hierarchy, group performance, voice use, and few durational values) were statistically more frequent globally, and also present in the majority of recordings from each world region. Researchers used language phylogeny to control for historical relatedness.
|Phylogenetic Generalized Least Squares (PGLS)||Partially supported||p < 0.05||UNKNOWN||UNKNOWN|