Pain, fear, and circumcision in boys' adolescent initiation ceremonies

Cross-Cultural Research Vol/Iss. 2017 Sage Published In Pages: 1-29
By Schlegel, Alice, Barry III, Herbert


Higher frequency of warfare will be associated with harsh male initiation ceremonies


No significant association was found between harsh rituals and high frequency of overall or external warfare. The association between harsh rituals and frequency of internal warfare fell short of significance as well (p=.059)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Chi-squareNot Supportednone: p > 0.05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Warfare FrequencyIndependentWarfare
Type of initiation ceremony DependentBody Alterations, Sodalities, Puberty And Initiation