# Culture and National well-being: should societies emphasize freedom or constraint? ^{}

*PLoS ONE •* Vol/Iss. 10(6) • *Public Library of Science* • • Published In • Pages: 1-14 •

##### By Harrington, Jesse R., Boski, Pawel, Gelfand, Michele K.

#### Hypothesis

The relationship between tightness/looseness and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease and diabetes will exhibit a curvilinear relationship, such that very tight and very loose nations have worse outcomes relative to nations intermediate on tightness-looseness

#### Note

Mortality rates for cardiovascular disease and diabetes were greater in very tight and very loose nations for both men and women. Additionally, compared to the linear models, (men: F=.37, p=.55, R-squared=.01; women: F=.19, p=.67, R-squared=.01), the quadratic models were a significant improvement (men: F-change=21.81, p<.001, R-Squared change=.43; women: F-change=19.87, p<.001, R-squared change=.41).

Test Name | Support | Significance | Coefficient | Tail |
---|---|---|---|---|

Stepwise multiple regression | Supported | p<.001 (men), p=.001 (women) | R-Squared=.45 (men); R-Squared=.42 (women) | UNKNOWN |

Variable Name | Variable Type | OCM Term(s) |
---|---|---|

Tightness/looseness | Independent | Government Regulation, Legal Norms, Norms, Social Control |

Cardiovascular disease/diabetes mortality rates (men) | Dependent | Morbidity, Mortality |

Cardiovascular disease/diabetes mortality rates (women) | Dependent | Morbidity, Mortality |