# Culture and National well-being: should societies emphasize freedom or constraint? ^{}

*PLoS ONE •* Vol/Iss. 10(6) • *Public Library of Science* • • Published In • Pages: 1-14 •

##### By Harrington, Jesse R., Boski, Pawel, Gelfand, Michele K.

#### Hypothesis

The relationship between tightness/looseness and the composite score of all 8 (dependent) variables, such that very tight and very loose nations have worse outcomes relative to nations intermediate on tightness-looseness

#### Note

Nations that were very tight or very loose exhibited lower composite scores. Additionally, compared to the linear model (F=.15, p=.70, R-Squared=.01), the quadratic model was a significant improvement (F-change=25.17, p<.001, R-Squared change=.46).

Test Name | Support | Significance | Coefficient | Tail |
---|---|---|---|---|

Stepwise multiple regression | Supported | p<.001 | R-Squared=.47 | UNKNOWN |

Variable Name | Variable Type | OCM Term(s) |
---|---|---|

Tightness/looseness | Independent | Government Regulation, Legal Norms, Norms, Social Control |

Composite Score of all variables | Dependent | Demography, Political Behavior, Health And Welfare |