Culture and National well-being: should societies emphasize freedom or constraint?

PLoS ONE Vol/Iss. 10(6) Public Library of Science Published In Pages: 1-14
By Harrington, Jesse R., Boski, Pawel, Gelfand, Michele K.


Results will not change when controlling for income disparity (GINI) and cultural individualism


The results do not change substantially when controlling for GINI and cultural individualism. However, one exception is happiness, “which was only marginally significant with the controls added. In addition, Corrected Akaike Information Criteria (AICc) demonstrated that the quadratic models are a better fit for the data relative to the linear models (p.7).”


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Model replication and comparisonMainly supportedMultiple p-valuesMultiple F and R-squared valuesUNKNOWN